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Florence County, Wisconsin facts for kids

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Florence County
Florence County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Florence County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
Founded 1882
Named for Florence County, South Carolina
Seat Florence
Largest town Florence
Area
 • Total 498 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Land 488 sq mi (1,260 km2)
 • Water 9.3 sq mi (24 km2)  1.9%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 4,423
 • Estimate 
(2020)
4,298
 • Density 8.882/sq mi (3.429/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 7th

Florence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,423, making it the second-least populous county in Wisconsin after Menominee County. Its county seat is Florence.

Florence County is part of the Iron Mountain, MI–WI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Florence County was founded in 1882. Florence County takes its name from the Florence Mining Company.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 498 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 488 square miles (1,260 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (1.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 2.svg U.S. Highway 2
  • US 141 (WI).svg U.S. Highway 141
  • WIS 70.svg Highway 70
  • WIS 101.svg Highway 101
  • WIS 139.svg Highway 139

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,604
1900 3,197 22.8%
1910 3,381 5.8%
1920 3,602 6.5%
1930 3,768 4.6%
1940 4,177 10.9%
1950 3,756 −10.1%
1960 3,437 −8.5%
1970 3,298 −4.0%
1980 4,172 26.5%
1990 4,590 10.0%
2000 5,088 10.8%
2010 4,423 −13.1%
2020 (est.) 4,298 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020
USA Florence County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Florence County

At the 2000 census there were 5,088 people, 2,133 households, and 1,441 families in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). There were 4,239 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.17% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 0.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.6% were of German, 11.6% Swedish, 8.4% Polish, 8.2% Italian, 6.6% French, 5.9% English, 5.4% French Canadian and 5.2% Irish ancestry. Of the 2,133 households 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.90% of households were one person and 12.50% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87.

The age distribution was 22.90% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males.

Communities

Florence County Wisconsin Fairgrounds
Fairgrounds
Florence County Wisconsin Sign Town of Homestead
Florence County sign

Florence County is one of only two counties in Wisconsin with no incorporated communities, the other being Menominee County.

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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