Crawford County, Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Crawford County, Wisconsin
Map
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Crawford County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the USA highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1818
Seat Prairie du Chien
Largest City Prairie du Chien
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

599 sq mi (1,551 km²)
571 sq mi (1,479 km²)
29 sq mi (75 km²), 4.8%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

16,644
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.crawfordcountywi.org/
Named for: William H. Crawford

Crawford County is a county in the southwest part of the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,644. Its county seat is Prairie du Chien.

History

Along with Brown County, Crawford County is one of Wisconsin's original counties, established by the Michigan Territorial legislature in 1818, and named after William H. Crawford, James Monroe's Treasurer at the time. It originally covered the western half of Wisconsin's present area. In 1836, it was transferred to the newly formed Wisconsin Territory as Michigan prepared for statehood and has gradually been subdivided into its present area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 599 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (4.8%) is water. The county's highest point is near St. James Church in Rising Sun.

Three rivers run through the county: The Kickapoo River, nicknamed "the crookedest river in Wisconsin" was carved out by glacial run-off. It is considered one of the best Class 1 paddling rivers in the Midwest.

  • The Wisconsin River borders the county's southern edge. Although it is the state's busiest river, its run within the county is tranquil, with high bluff escarpments and sandy islands.
  • The Mississippi River, serves as the county's western border. The steep limestone cliffs are interspersed with bluffs and prairies.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,502
1850 2,498 66.3%
1860 8,068 223.0%
1870 13,075 62.1%
1880 15,644 19.6%
1890 15,987 2.2%
1900 17,286 8.1%
1910 16,288 −5.8%
1920 16,772 3.0%
1930 16,781 0.1%
1940 18,328 9.2%
1950 17,652 −3.7%
1960 16,351 −7.4%
1970 15,252 −6.7%
1980 16,556 8.5%
1990 15,940 −3.7%
2000 17,243 8.2%
2010 16,644 −3.5%
Est. 2015 16,391 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2014
USA Crawford County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Crawford County

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,644 people, 6,677 households, and 4,613 families residing in the county. The population density was 12/km² (30/sq mi). There were 8,480 housing units at an average density of 6/km² (15/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.6% were of German, 16.0% Norwegian, 11.4% Irish, 7.2% Czech, 7.2% English and 6.4% United States or American ancestry.

There were 6,677 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.25% under the age of 20, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 20 to 44, 31.16% from 45 to 64, and 18.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

Transportation

Major highways

Crawford County Wisconsin Sign WIS60
The sign for Crawford County on WIS60
  • US 18.svg U.S. Highway 18
  • US 61.svg U.S. Highway 61
  • WIS 27.svg Highway 27 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 35.svg Highway 35 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 60.svg Highway 60 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 82.svg Highway 82 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 131.svg Highway 131 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 171.svg Highway 171 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 179.svg Highway 179 (Wisconsin)

Airport

Prairie du Chien Municipal Airport (KPDC) serves Crawford County and the surrounding communities.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Unincorporated communities


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