Trempealeau County, Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Trempealeau County, Wisconsin
Map
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Trempealeau County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the USA highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1855
Seat Whitehall
Largest City Arcadia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

742 sq mi (1,922 km²)
733 sq mi (1,898 km²)
9.0 sq mi (23 km²), 1.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

28,816
39/sq mi (15/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.tremplocounty.com

Trempealeau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,816. Its county seat is Whitehall.

History

Patches of woodland are all that remain of the brush and light forest that once covered the county. In ancient times, the woodlands contained a great deal of timber, but Native Americans burned them periodically to encourage the growth of berries. They did little cultivation and had been almost completely removed from the area by 1837.

French fur traders were the first Europeans to enter this land, traveling by river across the county. At the mouth of the Trempealeau River at its confluence with the Mississippi River, they found a bluff surrounded by water and called it La Montagne qui trempe à l’eau, which means 'mountain steeped in water' (now known as Trempealeau Mountain. The name was later shortened to Trempealeau. Created in 1854 and organized in 1855, the county is named after the river.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 742 square miles (1,920 km2), of which 733 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 9.0 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water. It is part of the Driftless Zone.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-94.svg Interstate 94
  • US 10.svg U.S. Highway 10
  • US 53.svg U.S. Highway 53
  • WIS 35.svg Highway 35 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 54.svg Highway 54 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 93.svg Highway 93 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 95.svg Highway 95 (Wisconsin)
  • WIS 121.svg Highway 121 (Wisconsin)

National protected areas

  • Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge (part)

Demographics

USA Trempealeau County, Wisconsin age pyramid
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Trempealeau County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,560
1870 10,732 319.2%
1880 17,189 60.2%
1890 18,920 10.1%
1900 23,114 22.2%
1910 22,928 −0.8%
1920 24,506 6.9%
1930 23,910 −2.4%
1940 24,381 2.0%
1950 23,730 −2.7%
1960 23,377 −1.5%
1970 23,344 −0.1%
1980 26,158 12.1%
1990 25,263 −3.4%
2000 27,010 6.9%
2010 28,816 6.7%
Est. 2015 29,550 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2014
TrempealeauCountyFairgroundsGalesville
Fairgrounds in Galesville
Ettrick Town Wisconsin Entrance
Entrance sign to Trempealeau County in the Town of Ettrick

As of the census of 2000, there were 27,010 people, 10,747 households, and 7,243 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 inhabitants per square mile (14/km2). There were 11,482 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.81% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.0% were of Norwegian, 24.6% German and 17.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.9% spoke English, 1.6% Norwegian and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,747 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


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