kids encyclopedia robot

Hurley, Wisconsin facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
HurleyNorth
Hurley50s
Hurley postcard 1930s
Quick facts for kids
Hurley, Wisconsin
Location of Hurley in Iron County, Wisconsin.
Location of Hurley in Iron County, Wisconsin.
Country  United States
State  Wisconsin
County Iron
Area
 • Total 3.38 sq mi (8.76 km2)
 • Land 3.23 sq mi (8.37 km2)
 • Water 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2)
Elevation
1,496 ft (456 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,547
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,436
 • Density 444.31/sq mi (171.56/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip Code
54534
Area code(s) 715 & 534
FIPS code 55-36525
GNIS feature ID 1566822

Hurley is a city in and the county seat of Iron County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,547 at the 2010 census. It is located directly across the Montreal River from Ironwood, Michigan.

History

Hurley is located on the Montreal River, the border between Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. It was founded to serve the interest of both lumbermen and miners. Hurley and adjacent Gile were lumber towns, while nearby mining towns included Montreal, Ironwood, Michigan, Bessemer, Michigan and Wakefield, Michigan.

Hurley took its name from M. A. Hurley, a prominent attorney of Wausau who won a lawsuit for the Northern Chief Iron Company in 1884. The compensation for winning the suit was that he asked for no fee, but only requested that the town involved in the case be named after him. The full name "Glen Hurley" was used for one year, but in 1885, the first name was dropped and the community became known as Hurley.

Henry Meade was the first mayor of Hurley, Wisconsin. John Ankers opened Hurley’s first saloon, and served as Hurley’s first town clerk, first justice of the peace, and first fire chief.

The Gogebic Range Directory of 1888 states: "During the past summer, Hurley was twice visited by terrible fires. The first occurred of June 28 and the second on July 9. These destroyed almost the entire business portion of the city, and at first it was thought that they would prove a crushing blow to its prosperity, but later events have proven that they were blessings in disguise. The wonderful pluck and energy of its businessmen were fully demonstrated when they at once began the erection of fine brick buildings in the place of the wooden ones destroyed. The result has been that the burned portion has been rebuilt with brick and stone, making them nearly fireproof. And Silver Street is one that a much larger city could well be proud of."

Historic locations

2009-0617-OldIronCtyCourthouse-Hurley
The Old Iron County Courthouse (now the Iron County Historical Museum), is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

The Iron Exchange Bank of Hurley, was the oldest bank of the Gogebic Range. It was organized November 26, 1885. Dr. J.C. Reynolds, the bank’s first president, and his brother, W. S. Reynolds, the bank’s first cashier, were the prime movers in the organization of the institution. Associated with them in the organization were John E. Burton, Alvin E. Tyler, Edward Ryan, Nathaniel J. Moore, James A. Wood, and Shepherd Homans, all men prominent in the mining industry in the area in the early days. By 1925, when it celebrated its 40th anniversary, it had withstood all financial depressions.

The first meat market in Hurley was kept by Ilsey and Knox and was opened in 1885.

The first newspaper in Hurley was the Montreal River Miner which was first published on October 8, 1885. After absorbing the Iron County News in 1950 the two papers names were merged to form the Iron County Miner which is still published as a weekly.

The first hotel was located at the corner of Second Avenue and Silver Street in a log building, with James Guest as the first landlord. It was far from a pretentious affair but answered the purpose and furnished food and shelter for many a pioneer and miner in its day.

The Burton House was an immense four-story frame hostelry, which was a famous gathering place in the latter part of the 19th century. John E. Burton erected the building in 1865. A mining speculator, his original wealth came from the iron range. Later he established offices in New York City and bought up other vast mining interests in Mexico and South America. The Burton Hotel contained 100 rooms, a ballroom, dining room, café, and clubrooms, all highly decorated and furnished with the best of the wood workers’ art of the time, and equipped with the best furniture. The Burton Hotel cost $35,000 to construct, and the furniture cost Burton $10,000. Many noteworthy people stayed at the Burton House. Grover Cleveland registered at the Burton House Saturday, October 5, 1889. By that time he had already served one term as president of the United States. In 1889 when he was in Hurley, he was a New York lawyer. He was elected to the presidency again in 1892.

Geography

Hurley is located at 46°27′1″N 90°11′23″W / 46.45028°N 90.18972°W / 46.45028; -90.18972 (46.450361, -90.189802).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.58 square miles (9.27 km2), of which 3.42 square miles (8.86 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.

It is across the state border and the Montreal River from Ironwood, Michigan.

Climate

Hurley has a cool humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with long, cold winters and short, mild summers. In an average year the temperature drops below 32 °F (0 °C) on 192 days, and below 0 °F (-17.8 °C) on 40 days. Hurley is also one of the snowiest cities in the United States with an average of over 160 inches of snow per year.

Climate data for Hurley, Wisconsin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 49
(9.4)
58
(14.4)
72
(22.2)
84
(28.9)
88
(31.1)
97
(36.1)
98
(36.7)
93
(33.9)
90
(32.2)
87
(30.6)
72
(22.2)
59
(15)
98
(36.7)
Average high °F (°C) 19.1
(-7.17)
25.5
(-3.61)
35.5
(1.94)
49.0
(9.44)
64.5
(18.06)
72.6
(22.56)
76.3
(24.61)
74.5
(23.61)
64.8
(18.22)
52.9
(11.61)
36.0
(2.22)
23.9
(-4.5)
49.55
(9.75)
Daily mean °F (°C) 9.5
(-12.5)
14.6
(-9.67)
25.6
(-3.56)
39.0
(3.89)
52.6
(11.44)
61.5
(16.39)
65.9
(18.83)
64.4
(18)
55.5
(13.06)
44.1
(6.72)
29.0
(-1.67)
15.7
(-9.06)
39.78
(4.324)
Average low °F (°C) −0.2
(-17.89)
3.7
(-15.72)
15.7
(-9.06)
28.9
(-1.72)
40.6
(4.78)
50.3
(10.17)
55.5
(13.06)
54.2
(12.33)
46.2
(7.89)
35.2
(1.78)
22.0
(-5.56)
7.5
(-13.61)
29.97
(-1.13)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(-35)
−36
(-37.8)
−31
(-35)
−1
(-18.3)
20
(-6.7)
24
(-4.4)
35
(1.7)
35
(1.7)
26
(-3.3)
9
(-12.8)
−9
(-22.8)
−24
(-31.1)
−36
(-37.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.19
(55.6)
1.23
(31.2)
1.90
(48.3)
2.08
(52.8)
2.99
(75.9)
3.88
(98.6)
3.62
(91.9)
3.32
(84.3)
3.05
(77.5)
3.30
(83.8)
3.35
(85.1)
2.23
(56.6)
33.14
(841.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 42.4
(107.7)
21.4
(54.4)
19.0
(48.3)
7.3
(18.5)
1.5
(3.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
4.9
(12.4)
30.1
(76.5)
38.3
(97.3)
165.3
(419.9)
Source: Midwestern Regional Climate Center

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 2,440
1910 2,934 20.2%
1920 3,188 8.7%
1930 3,264 2.4%
1940 3,375 3.4%
1950 3,034 −10.1%
1960 2,763 −8.9%
1970 2,418 −12.5%
1980 2,015 −16.7%
1990 1,782 −11.6%
2000 1,818 2.0%
2010 1,547 −14.9%
2019 (est.) 1,436 −7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,547 people, 771 households, and 360 families residing in the city. The population density was 452.3 inhabitants per square mile (174.6/km2). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 301.8 per square mile (116.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.

There were 771 households, of which 20.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 53.3% were non-families. 47.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 23.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.89 and the average family size was 2.66.

The median age in the city was 49 years. 16.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.5% were from 25 to 44; 30.3% were from 45 to 64; and 26.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

Transportation

HurleyIronwoodborder
US 2.svg
U.S. 2 runs west to Ashland, Wisconsin and Duluth, Minnesota, intersecting U.S. 51 at the Michigan/Wisconsin border at Ironwood and then goes east to Iron Mountain.
US 51.svg
U.S. 51 northbound US 51 terminates at Hurley. Southbound, US 51 routes to Wausau, Wisconsin; where it intersects with Interstate 39.
WIS 77.svg
WIS 77 starts just at the state line in Hurley and travels southwest.

Airport

  • KIWD - Gogebic-Iron County Airport – Commercial air service is available.

Railroads

Hurley was served by the Chicago & North Western Flambeau Line with the Flambeau 400 train between Chicago and Ashland, and the Soo Line Railroad [formerly Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad] between Minneapolis and Bessemer.

The Duluth, South Shore, & Atlantic Railroad Line [now Canadian National Railroad] skirted Hurley a few miles to the north. This line originally ran from Superior to Sault Ste Marie.

Recreation

Hurley is known for its ATV Hurley Rally held on Memorial Day weekend, a Pumpkin ATV rally held the second weekend of October, and the Red Light Snowmobile Rally. Both attract thousands of visitors to the area each year. At the 2005 ATV rally, a new Guinness World Record was set for the largest ATV parade, with 687 participants.

Popular culture

Hurley Wisconsin Downtown WIS77
Looking west at downtown Hurley

A fictionalized version of Hurley was the subject of Edna Ferber's 1934 novel Come and Get It. Ferber did most of her research for the novel while staying at Hurley's Burton House hotel.

Ralph Capone, the older brother of famed Chicago mobster Al Capone, died in Hurley in 1974.

Education

Higher Education Gogebic Community College, a two year public community college, is located in adjacent Ironwood, Michigan. It was founded in 1932, and has a student body of approximately 1,000.

K-12 The Hurley K-12 School is located just outside of Hurley in the Town of Kimball. It was built in 1991 and serves students from Northern Iron County in Four Year Old Kindergarten through Grade 12. Approximately 550 students are enrolled as of the 2021-2022 school year.

Previous K-12 Public Schools:

● J.E. Murphy High School (closed in 1991)

● Southside Elementary School (closed in 1991)

● Roosevelt Elementary School (Montreal) (closed in 1991)

● Cary Elementary School (closed in the 1960s)

St. Mary's Parochial School began operations on January 5, 1891. It closed in June of 1991.

At one time, a parochial school was maintained by St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church (Wisconsin Synod)

Hurley won the Wisconsin State High School Boys Basketball Championship in 1949, defeating LaCrosse Logan by a score of 37-36. The head coach was Carl Vergamini. At the time, schools were not divided into divisions based on enrollment.

Notable people

  • Paul Alfonsi, Wisconsin State Representative and Speaker of the Wisconsin State Assembly, b.1908-02-13, d.1989-11-22
  • Donald Baldovin, American businessman, b. 1936
  • Joseph Becker, chief statistician of the bureau of crop estimates for the United States Department of Agriculture, b.1891-02-18, d.1975-02-19
  • Peter Benzoni, American trade union leader, United Steelworkers, b.1915-01-29, d.2002-03-15
  • Karen Borca, American avant-garde jazz and free jazz bassoonist, b.1944
  • Len Calligaro, football player, b.1921-06-24, d.2011-06-15
  • Ralph Capone, former Public Enemy No. 3 and older brother to gangster Al Capone. b.1894-01-12, d.1974-11-22
  • Jessica Cattelino, associate professor of anthropology, UCLA, Author of High Stakes: Florida Seminole Gaming and Sovereignty
  • Arthur A. Cirilli, Wisconsin State Senator and Douglas County Circuit Court Judge, b.1914-12-28, d.1995-12-17
  • Connors, Dean, M.D., physician and local historian; author, Going for the Iron, New Past Press, Friendship, WI, 1994. b. 1926-07-30, d.2016-08-25
  • H.A. DeRosso, author of western and detective novels, b.1917-07-15, d.1960-10-14
  • Daniel J. Ehnbom, associate professor emeritus of South Asian Art History, adjunct curator of South Asian Art, Frahlin Art Museum, The University of Virginia, lecturer and author, b.1950-07-05 -
  • Chester P. Emunson, Michigan State Representative, b.1886-08-16, d.1956-05-09
  • Gilbert D. Endrizzi, local historian, b.1923-11-21, d. 2018-07-02
  • Ruth Gould Engelmann, author, Leaf House, Harper and Row, New York, 1982; a memoir of growing up on a Finnish farmstead outside of Hurley, b.1919-03-26, d.1998-10-29
  • Lynn Franzoi, Senior Vice President, Fox Entertainment Group, b.1950 -
  • Domenic Gentile, head trainer, athletic director, and coach, Green Bay Packers, b.1929-01-28, d.2012-09-12
  • C.L. [Neil] Harrington, Superintendent of Wisconsin State Forests and Parks, nature photographer, b.1891-08-26, d.1966-05-14
  • Everis A. Hayes, U.S. Representative from California b.1855-03-10, d.1942-06-03
  • Jay Orley Hayes, mining executive and publisher, San Jose Mercury-News, b.1857-10-02, d.1948-08-31
  • Leon L. Lewis, attorney and co-founder of the Anti-Defamation League, b.1888-09-05, d.1954-05-21
  • Sarah McNeel Lockwood, novelist, notable work Fistful of Stars b.1880-06, d.1969-08-31
  • Hyman M. Mark, Wisconsin State Representative, b.1891-05-04, d.1961-02-20
  • Linton McNeel, pioneer attorney; practiced law in Hurley from 1886 until 1892-3,
  • David Mladenoff, Professor Emeritus, Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, b. 1951
  • Nancy Mladenoff, Professor of Painting and Drawing, University of Wisconsin, b.1957
  • Joseph Eugene Murphy, long time Hurley educator and Knight of St. Gregory, b.1880-12-23, d.1975-04
  • Charles M. Odorizzi, Executive Vice President, RCA Corporation, b.1908-11-17, d.1977-08-23
  • Alvin O'Konski, U.S. Representative, b.1904-05-26, d.1987-07-08
  • Frank Olson, bio-weaponeer who died under suspicious circumstances, b.1910-07-17, d.1953-11-28
  • Albert L. Osborn, Wisconsin State Representative, b.1858-09-09, d.1940-04-19
  • Joseph A. Parisi, long-time editor, Poetry Magazine, b.1944 -
  • Nell Ziff Pekarsky, President of Junior Hadassah, 1938-1941; assistant to Rabbi Mordechai Kaplan, founder of the Reconstructionist Movement, b. 1910-02-10, d. 1998-01-13
  • Gene Pretti, American businessman, b.1961
  • Alex J. Raineri, Wisconsin State Representative and Iron County Circuit Court Judge, 1978-1980, b.1918-09-17, d.1994-10-17
  • Hugh Fay [H.F.] Ringo, Montreal Mining Company physician; member, Committee for the Prevention of Silicosis through Medical Control, b.1884-07-07, d.1945-02-06
  • Philip Romiti, Dean, DePaul University Law School; Presiding Judge in Black Panther and Lindquist cases, Cook County, Illinois, b.1917-02-20, d. 1985-05-01
  • Frank Rooney, MLB player, b.1884-10-12, d.1977-04-06
  • Emma Sackett, pioneer female photographer, b.1860-04-16, d.1950-06-29
  • Maurice Sher, immigration attorney, b.1907-06-13, d.1983-08-22
  • Robert (Bob) Sohl, Olympic bronze medal winning swimmer in 1948, b.1928-03-28, d.2001-04-08
  • Paul A. Sturgul, Elder Law attorney, president of National Elder Law Foundation 2001-2006, b.1948-05-24
  • John R. Sturgul, Professor, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Mine System Computer Simulation and Animation expert; Fellow, Geological and Mining Engineering and Science Academy, Michigan Technological University, 2002, b.1940-01-04
  • Richard C. Trembath, Wisconsin State Representative and Iron County Judge, b.1896-01-02, d.1964-03-17
  • John P. Varda, Wisconsin State Representative and Iron County Circuit Judge, b.1916-10-11, d.1993-02-20
  • Margaret Pinkley Varda, Wisconsin State Representative, Progressive Party, b.1917-06-13, d.2011-02-13
  • Carl Vergamini, athletic coach & educator, Hurley High School and UW-Superior, b.1917, d.2001-12-21
  • Sherman W. Wade, Wisconsin State Senator, b.1895-12-12, d.1969-12-11
  • Earl W. Warren, Wisconsin State Representative, b.1902-02-25, d.1972-05-31
  • Arne Wicklund, Wisconsin State Representative and Iron County Judge, b.1926-03-13, d.1990-10-06
  • Paul Zarzyski, Cowboy poet and educator, b.1951-05-24

Images for kids

kids search engine
Hurley, Wisconsin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.