South Lawn car park facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsSouth Lawn car park
Interior of the underground car park at The University of Melbourne
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|Location||152-292 Grattan Street, The University of Melbourne, Parkville Campus, Melbourne, Victoria|
|Construction started||May 1971|
|Owner||The University of Melbourne|
|Structural system||Reinforced concrete shells with parabolic profiles supported on short columns|
|Design and construction|
|Engineer||Jan van der Molen|
|Other designers||Ellis Stones and Ronald Rayment (landscape)|
|Official name: Underground Car Park|
|Type||State heritage (built)|
|Designated||6 April 1994|
The South Lawn car park is a parking garage at the University of Melbourne constructed in 1971–72 using an innovative reinforced concrete shells with parabolic profiles supported on short columns structural system designed by Jan van der Molen, an engineer. The car park was added to the Victorian Heritage Register on 6 April 1994.
The car park was proposed in the university Campus Master Plan prepared by Bryce Mortlock in 1970, partly to deal with increased demand for parking while retaining the landscape character of the core part of the university. Loder and Bayley, in association with Harris, Lange and Partners, were commissioned to prepare the designs, with Jan van der Molen as engineer in charge. Ellis Stones and Ronald Rayment, the first graduates of a landscape design course in Victoria, undertook the landscape design both above the car park and along the edges facing the Baillieu Library and John Medley Building.
The proposal met with some controversy, with eighteen appeals being made to the Building Regulations Committee before approval was finally granted. John Loder, from Loder and Bayly, was presented with three options reputedly excluded the others and only recommended van der Molen's design to the University.
Design and construction
The design comprises a series of reinforced concrete shells with parabolic profiles supported on short columns. The columns encase pipes to drain the soils above for the planting of lawn and trees of the South Lawn. van der Molen's design of sophisticated hyperbolic-paraboloidal platforms, was described as ...saucer-shaped flowerpots on columns, interconnected to form arches. The deep dishes of the concrete forms allowed large trees to be planted on its roof. Excavations involved substantial earthworks to retain the lawn at the same level of the 'Old Quad' building which was the historic core of the university. Works commenced in May 1971 and the car park was completed by November 1972. The east entrance to the car park incorporates a door from a 1745 house in St Stephen's Green, Dublin, and the west entrance is constructed with the salvaged doorway and is framed by two Atlas figures from the demolished Colonial Bank offices in Elizabeth Street in the Melbourne central business district.
In popular culture
The car park was used as setting for a ballet sequence in an ABC television broadcast, a number of student film projects and art installations, has been featured in many architectural publications and exhibitions, and for the police garage scene in the first Mad Max movie. Architectural historian, Professor Miles Lewis, described the structure at the time, as the... most important non-residential design in the country.
Plaque by the National Trust of Australia (Victoria branch)
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