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St Nicholas Acons

Current photograph of site

Location Nicholas Lane, off Lombard Street, London
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Anglican
Previous denomination Roman Catholic

Coordinates: 51°30′43.46″N 0°5′13.68″W / 51.5120722°N 0.0871333°W / 51.5120722; -0.0871333 St Nicholas Acons was a parish church in the City of London. In existence by the late 11th century, it was destroyed during the Great Fire of London of 1666 and not rebuilt.

History

The church was situated on the west side of Nicholas Lane in Langbourn ward of the City of London. The name 'Acons' was derived from that of a mediaeval benefactor. The church is recorded as early as 1084, when Godwinus and his wife Turund gave its patronage to Malmesbury Abbey. It passed to the Crown on the dissolution of the monasteries.

St Nicholas' was destroyed during the Great Fire of London of 1666 and not rebuilt. Instead the parish was united with that of St Edmund the King and Martyr, Lombard Street in 1670. The name retained as a precinct title in the south-western part of Langbourn Ward.

In the 1860s a proposed unification of the benefice of St Edmunds with St Nicholas and that of St Mary Woolnoth with St Mary Woolchurch Haw was vigorously defended by St Nicholas Acons' discrete churchwardens. In 1964 the churchyard was excavated and important Saxon remains found, but in the last decade of the 20th century Gordon Huelin noted that only a City Corporation commemoration at the site of the old parsonage remained to indicate a church had ever been there.

Present day

The parish now forms part of the combined parish of "St Edmund the King and Martyr, and St Mary Woolnoth Lombard Street with St Nicholas Acons, All Hallows Lombard Street, St Benet Gracechurch, St Leonard Eastcheap, St Dionis Backchurch and St Mary Woolchurch Haw" – usually shortened to 'St Edmund and St Mary Woolnoth'. It is part of the Church of England's Diocese of London.

  • "The Register Book of the parish of St. Nicholas Acons, London, 1539–1812" Brigg, W(Transc) p 160: Leeds, Walker & Laycock, 1890.
  • A Descriptive Account of the Guildhall of the City of London-Its History and Associations in "The English Historical Review" Price, J.E. pp. 154–158: Oxford, Oxford University Press Jan., 1888 (Vol. 3, No. 9)
  • The Proposed Union Of City Benefices in "The Times" p 10: London, The Times Newspaper, 1861 (Wednesday, 20 November; Issue 24095; col C)
  • Local Administrative Units: Southern England Youngs, F. p. 302 :London, Royal Historical Society, 1979
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