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St Peter Island (South Australia) facts for kids

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St Peter Island
Thevenot - Hollandia Nova detecta 1644.png
The island appears on this 1644 map as "I St. Pierre"
St Peter Island is located in South Australia
St Peter Island
St Peter Island
Location in South Australia
Location Great Australian Bight
Coordinates 32°17′S 133°34′E / 32.283°S 133.567°E / -32.283; 133.567
Archipelago Nuyts Archipelago

St Peter Island (originally in Dutch: Eyland St. Pierre) is an island in the Nuyts Archipelago on the west coast of Eyre Peninsula in South Australia near Ceduna. It is the second largest island in South Australia and about 13 km (8.1 mi) long. It was one of the first parts of South Australia to be discovered and named by Europeans, along with St Francis Island, mapped by François Thijssen in 't Gulden Zeepaert in 1627.

Seal hunting took place on the island in the 1820s and 1830s. Archaeological investigations have also located whale vertebra at the site.

The historic St Peter Island Whaling Sites are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register as a designated place of archaeological significance.

Protected area status

Statutory reserves

The island is part of the Nuyts Archipelago Conservation Park while the waters surrounding its shores are in the Nuyts Archipelago Marine Park.

Non-statutory arrangements

Important Bird Area

The island is part of the Nuyts Archipelago Important Bird Area (IBA), so identified by BirdLife International because it supports over 1% of the world populations of short-tailed shearwaters, white-faced storm-petrels and pied oystercatchers. The island lies across the Yatala Channel from the separate Tourville and Murat Bays Important Bird Area, just west of Ceduna on the mainland.

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