kids encyclopedia robot

Sticky brittlebush facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts


Quick facts for kids
Encelia resinifera
Encelia resinifera plant.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Encelia
Species:
E. resinifera
Binomial name
Encelia resinifera
C.Clark
Synonyms
  • Encelia frutescens var. resinosa M.E.Jones ex S.F.Blake not Encelia resinosa Brandegee

Encelia resinifera, the sticky brittlebush, is a North American species of flowering plant in the sunflower family.

Distribution

The species is found at elevations between 1,100–1,700 metres (3,600–5,600 ft) in the states of Arizona and Utah, in the Southwestern United States. It grows in soils derived from sandstone.

Description

Encelia resinifera is a shrub ranging in height from 40–150 centimetres (1.3–4.9 ft). The trunk, which becomes fissured with age, supports slender stems.

The leaves, which range between 10 and 25 mm in length, are ovate or lanceolate and are usually pointed at the tips.

The yellow flowerheads are borne singly, appearing between May and July (late fall to mid-summer) in their native range. These have 8-13 ray florets.

Subspecies

Two subspecies have been identified:

  • Encelia resinifera subsp. resinifera — button brittlebush.
  • Encelia resinifera subsp. tenuifolia C.Clark — found in the Grand Canyon area. It has both leaves and ray laminae with a length that is more than three times their width.

Taxonomy

Encelia resinifera was originally described as a variety of Encelia frutescens (Encelia frutescens var. resinosa) by M.E.Jones in 1913. In 1998 it was reclassified as a distinct species by Curtis Clark.

kids search engine
Sticky brittlebush Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.