Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum facts for kids
Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
U.S. Historic district
|Location||415 N. Braddock Street
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
|Part of||Winchester Historic District (ID80004318)|
|NRHP reference No.||67000027|
Quick facts for kidsSignificant dates
|Added to NRHP||May 28, 1967|
|Designated NHL||May 28, 1967|
|Designated CP||March 4, 1980|
The Gothic Revival style house was built in 1854 by local dentist William McP. Fuller, who named it "Alta Vista" for its scenic view over open hillsides facing east across Winchester. Fuller sold it in 1856 to Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, commander of the 31st Virginia Militia. Later, while commanding the 4th Virginia Infantry in the Confederate States Army, Moore offered his home to serve as the headquarters for Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Jackson moved into the house in November 1861, shortly after taking command of the Valley District of the Department of Northern Virginia. Jackson was joined by his wife, Mary Anna, in December 1861. From this house, Jackson planned his Shenandoah Valley defenses and campaigns, starting with the Romney Expedition. The Jacksons lived in the house until March 1862, when the general left Winchester to begin his Valley Campaign.
While living here, the Jacksons became very fond of the people and culture of Winchester, and referred to it as their "winter home", hoping to settle here after the Civil War. In a letter to Anna shortly after he arrived, Jackson commented:
The situation is beautiful, the building is of a cottage style and contains six rooms. I have two rooms, one above the other. The lower room, or office, has a matting on the floor, a large fine table, six chairs, and a piano. The walls are papered with elegant gilt paper. I don't remember to have ever seen a more beautiful papering, and there are five paintings hanging on the walls. … The upper room is neat, but not a full story and … remarkable for being heated in a peculiar manner, by a flue from the office below. Through the blessing of our ever-kind Heavenly Father, I am quite comfortable. – Letter from Jackson to his wife Anna, November 16, 1861
In the 1960s the home was purchased and converted into a museum, and includes many possessions and artifacts belonging to Jackson. One of Colonel Moore's descendants was the actress Mary Tyler Moore, who helped to pay for the restorations of the home to become a museum – including replica wallpaper matching the original to which Jackson referred above.
The house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1967.
Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.