Shenandoah Valley facts for kids

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Shenandoah Valley
Shenandoah River, aerial.jpg
A view across the Shenandoah Valley
Location Virginia, Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia
Floor elevation 500–1,500 feet (150–460 m)
Long-axis direction Northeast to southwest
Geography
Bounded by Blue Ridge Mountains (east)
Ridge and Valley Appalachians (west)
Potomac River (north)
James River (south)
Population centers Winchester
Harrisonburg
Staunton
Lexington
Martinsburg, West Virginia
Traversed by I-64 / I-81 / US 11 / US 33
Map of the Shenandoah Valley
ShenandoahValley Bear'sDen
The Shenandoah Valley in the autumn

The Shenandoah Valley /ˌʃɛnənˈdə/ (nicknamed "The Big Valley" ) is a geographic valley and cultural region of western Virginia and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia in the United States. The valley is bounded on the east by the Blue Ridge Mountains. On the west it is bounded by the eastern front of the Appalachians. To the north it goes to the Potomac River and to the south by the James River. The cultural region covers a larger area that includes all of the valley plus the Virginia highlands to the west, and the Roanoke Valley to the south. The Valley is about 200 miles long. It is the home of two well-known universities, James Madison and Shenandoah University.

History

For nearly 11,000 years before the Europeans came, Native Americans lived in the Shenandoah Valley. The first European to visit the area was probably a Jesuit priest in 1632. However, the first European credited with exploring the Valley was a German doctor named John Lederer in 1669. In the 1600s, Englishmen were told about the large forests which included chestnut trees as tall as 600 feet.

Geography

It is named for the river that stretches much of its length. The Shenandoah Valley has eight counties in Virginia and two counties in West Virginia.

The cultural region includes five more counties in Virginia:

At Harpers Ferry the Shenandoah River joins the Potomac. The Valley's cultural region contains 10 independent cities:

Images for kids


Shenandoah Valley Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.