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Bath County, Virginia facts for kids

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Bath County
Bath County Courthouse in Warm Springs
Bath County Courthouse in Warm Springs
Map of Virginia highlighting Bath County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1790
Named for Bath, England
Seat Warm Springs
Largest community Hot Springs
Area
 • Total 535 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Land 529 sq mi (1,370 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (10 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,209
 • Density 7.867/sq mi (3.038/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Bath County is a United States county on the central western border of the Commonwealth of Virginia, on the West Virginia state line. As of the 2020 census, the population was 4,209, the second-least populous county in Virginia. Bath's county seat is Warm Springs.

History

Bath County was established on December 14, 1790 from sections of Augusta, Botetourt, and Greenbrier counties. Due to the many mineral springs found in the area, the county was named for the English spa and resort city of Bath. The area's economy has focused on tourism and travel since the 1700s, particularly when The Homestead Resort was built in 1766.

Located along the western central border with West Virginia, Bath County comprises a number of villages, including Hot Springs, Warm Springs, Millboro and Mountain Grove. Hot Springs and Warm Springs are the most well known of the villages, given their natural mineral springs. Bath County is one of the few counties in Virginia without a traffic signal. (Charlotte County, Mathews County, and Rappahannock County are the others.)

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 529 square miles (1,370 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (1.0%) is water. 89% of Bath County is forest, with 51% national forest and 6% state park. The Nature Conservancy owns more than 9,000 acres (36 km2) of forest habitat.

Adjacent Counties

National protected areas

  • George Washington National Forest (part)
  • United States National Radio Quiet Zone (part)

Major highways

  • US 220
  • SR 39
  • SR 42

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 5,508
1810 4,837 −12.2%
1820 5,237 8.3%
1830 4,002 −23.6%
1840 4,300 7.4%
1850 3,486 −18.9%
1860 3,676 5.5%
1870 3,795 3.2%
1880 4,482 18.1%
1890 4,587 2.3%
1900 5,595 22.0%
1910 6,538 16.9%
1920 6,389 −2.3%
1930 8,137 27.4%
1940 7,191 −11.6%
1950 6,296 −12.4%
1960 5,335 −15.3%
1970 5,192 −2.7%
1980 5,860 12.9%
1990 4,799 −18.1%
2000 5,048 5.2%
2010 4,731 −6.3%
2020 4,209 −11.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010 2020

2020 census

Bath County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 4,363 3,941 92.22% 91.26%
Black or African American alone (NH) 213 114 4.50% 2.71%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 5 3 0.11% 0.07%
Asian alone (NH) 7 17 0.15% 0.40%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.02%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 5 4 0.11% 0.10%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 37 156 0.78% 3.71%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 101 73 2.13% 1.73%
Total 4,731 4,209 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Communities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Economy

Tourism and recreation have been the focus of the economy from the time the county was established. The Omni Homestead, a luxury mountain resort in Hot Springs, is the county's major employer.

The resort grew around the area's mineral springs, such as the Jefferson Pools. (As of July 1, 2018, the Jefferson Pools have been closed by the resort. The pools are anticipated to reopen once the safety of their surrounding structures is verified.)

Bath County is also home to the Bath County Pumped Storage Station, a pumped storage hydroelectric power plant.

Education

The county has two elementary schools (serving students from pre-kindergarten to seventh grade) and one high school (serving students in grades 8 through 12). Around 555 students are enrolled in the school system.

Notable people

  • Creigh Deeds, Virginia Senator (25th District)
  • Jailyn Ford, NPF pitcher
  • Dan Ingalls, computer scientist, president of the Homestead
  • John Phillips, NFL tight end
  • Sam Snead, professional golfer

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Bath (Virginia) para niños

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Pilots:
James B. Knighten
Azellia White
Willa Brown
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