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Augusta County, Virginia facts for kids

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Augusta County
The Augusta County Courthouse in March 2005
The Augusta County Courthouse in March 2005
Flag of Augusta County
Official seal of Augusta County
Map of Virginia highlighting Augusta County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1738
Named for Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Seat Staunton
Largest community Staunton
 • Total 971 sq mi (2,510 km2)
 • Land 967 sq mi (2,500 km2)
 • Water 3.9 sq mi (10 km2)  0.4%
 • Total 77,487
 • Density 79.80/sq mi (30.811/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Augusta County is a county in the Shenandoah Valley on the western edge of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The second-largest county of Virginia by total area, it completely surrounds the independent cities of Staunton and Waynesboro. Its county seat is Staunton, but most of the administrative services have offices in neighboring Verona.

The county was created in 1738 from part of Orange County and was named after Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. It was originally a huge area, but many of its parts were carved out to form other counties and several states until the current borders were finalized in 1790.

As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 77,487. Along with Staunton and Waynesboro, it forms the Staunton–Waynesboro, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Augusta Church
Augusta Stone Church built in 1749

Augusta County was formed in 1738 from Orange County, although, because few people lived there, the county government was not organized until 1745. It was named for Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales and mother of the future King George III of the United Kingdom.

Originally, Augusta County was a vast territory with an indefinite western boundary. Most of what is now West Virginia as well as the whole of Kentucky were formed from it, and it also claimed the territory north and west of those areas, theoretically all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

A series of maps show the formation and division of Augusta County from 1738 through 1791.

Reductions in its extent began in 1770, when its southern part became Botetourt County. In 1776 part of western Augusta County, an area also known as the District of West Augusta, became Monongalia County, Ohio County, and Yohogania County (abolished in 1786). In 1778 the portion of Augusta County west of the Ohio River became Illinois County (abolished in 1784); the northeastern part of what was remained became Rockingham County, and the southwestern part was combined with part of Botetourt County to form Rockbridge County. In 1788 the northern part of the county was combined with part of Hardy County to become Pendleton County. Augusta County assumed its present dimensions in 1790, when its western part was combined with parts of Botetourt County and Greenbrier County to form Bath County.

During the Civil War, Augusta County served as an important agricultural center as part of the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy." The Virginia Central Railroad ran through the county, linking the Shenandoah Valley to the Confederate capital at Richmond. One of the bloodiest engagements fought in the Shenandoah Valley took place on June 5, 1864 at the Battle of Piedmont, a Union victory that allowed the Union Army to occupy Staunton and destroy many of the facilities that supported the Confederate war effort. Augusta County suffered again during General Philip H. Sheridan's "Burning," which destroyed many farms and killed virtually all of the farm animals.

Staunton, the county seat for many years, was incorporated as a city in 1871 and separated from Augusta County in 1902. However, it remained the county seat.


Augusta County, Virginia countryside
View of Augusta County countryside across the Shenandoah Valley toward the Blue Ridge Mountains.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 971 square miles (2,510 km2), of which 967 square miles (2,500 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.4%) is water. It is the third-largest county in Virginia by land area and second-largest by total area.

Adjacent counties and independent cities


The county is divided into seven magisterial districts: Beverley Manor, Middle River, North River, Pastures, Riverheads, South River, and Wayne.

School systems

The county is serviced by Augusta County Public Schools.

Map of Augusta County and neighboring Counties.

National protected areas

Regional park

Major highways

  • SR 42
  • SR 56
  • SR 252
  • SR 254
  • SR 256
  • SR 262
  • SR 276


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,886
1800 11,712 7.6%
1810 14,308 22.2%
1820 16,742 17.0%
1830 19,926 19.0%
1840 19,628 −1.5%
1850 24,610 25.4%
1860 27,749 12.8%
1870 28,763 3.7%
1880 35,710 24.2%
1890 37,005 3.6%
1900 32,370 −12.5%
1910 32,445 0.2%
1920 34,671 6.9%
1930 38,163 10.1%
1940 42,772 12.1%
1950 34,154 −20.1%
1960 37,363 9.4%
1970 44,220 18.4%
1980 53,732 21.5%
1990 54,677 1.8%
2000 65,615 20.0%
2010 73,750 12.4%
2020 77,487 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-20002010 2020

2020 census

Augusta County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 68,011 68,375 92.22% 88.24%
Black or African American alone (NH) 2,881 3,072 3.91% 3.96%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 141 130 0.19% 0.17%
Asian alone (NH) 365 461 0.49% 0.59%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 13 27 0.02% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 40 198 0.05% 0.26%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 774 2,496 1.05% 3.22%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,525 2,728 2.07% 3.52%
Total 73,750 77,487 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Area Populations

According to the 2010 US Census data, below are the populations of the two towns and select unincorporated communities within Augusta County:

# Town Population
1 Grottoes 2,668
2 Craigsville 923

The majority of Grottoes is located in Rockingham County. Only seven of the town's 2,668 residents reside in Augusta County.

# Unincorporated Community Population
1 Stuarts Draft 9,235
2 Fishersville 7,462
3 Verona 4,239
4 Weyers Cave 2,473
5 Crimora 2,209
6 Lyndhurst 1,490
7 Dooms 1,327
8 Swoope 1,323
9 Jolivue 1,129
10 Greenville 832
11 Fort Defiance 780
12 Sherando 688
13 Mount Sidney 663
14 Churchville 194


The independent cities of Staunton and Waynesboro (incorporated as such in 1902 and 1948 respectively) are located within the boundaries of Augusta County, but are not a part of the county, despite Staunton's status as the county seat. Most county administrative offices, however, are located in Verona, rather than in Staunton.


Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


According to the county's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Augusta County Public Schools 1,000+
2 Augusta Health 1,000+
3 McKee Foods 500-999
4 Hershey 500-999
5 Target 500-999
6 AAF-McQuay 500-999
7 Hollister Co. 250-499
8 Blue Ridge Community College 250-499
9 Augusta Correctional Center 250-499
10 Ply Gem 250-499

Notable people

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Augusta para niños

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