Sturmabteilung facts for kids
|The insignia of the SA|
|Superseding agency||SS (c.1934 onwards)|
|Headquarters||SA High Command, Barerstraße, Munich
|Ministers responsible||Emil Maurice (1920–1921), Oberster SA-Führer
Hans Ulrich Klintzsche (1921–1923), Oberster SA-Führer
Hermann Göring (1923), Oberster SA-Führer
Franz Pfeffer von Salomon (1926–1930), Oberster SA-Führer
Adolf Hitler (1930–1945), Oberster SA-Führer
|Agency executives||Otto Wagener (1929–1931), Stabschef-SA
Ernst Röhm (1931–1934), Stabschef-SA
Viktor Lutze (1934–1943), Stabschef-SA
Wilhelm Scheppmann (1943–1945), Stabschef-SA
|Child agency||SS (until c.1934)|
In English, they are often called the Stormtroopers or the Brownshirts, while Sturmabteilung literally translates to "assault detachment" or "assault section". The group was important in helping Adolf Hitler gain power in the 1930s. They wore a brown uniform, similar to the black uniform worn by Mussolini's Blackshirts.
The word Sturmabteilung was used before the founding of the Nazi Party in 1919. It originally comes from the specialized assault troops used by Germany in World War I utilising Hutier infiltration tactics.
Sturmabteilung Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.