Sturmabteilung facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
The insignia of the SA
Agency overview
Formed c.1919
  • (etc.)
Superseding agency
  • Flag Schutzstaffel.svg SS (c.1934 onwards)
Jurisdiction Germany Germany
Headquarters SA High Command, Barerstraße, Munich
Employees 3,000,000 (c.1934)
Ministers responsible
  • Emil Maurice (1920–1921), Oberster SA-Führer
  • Hans Ulrich Klintzsche (1921–1923), Oberster SA-Führer
  • Hermann Göring (1923), Oberster SA-Führer
  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon (1926–1930), Oberster SA-Führer

    Adolf Hitler (1930–1945), Oberster SA-Führer
Agency executives
  • Otto Wagener (1929–1931), Stabschef-SA
  • Ernst Röhm (1931–1934), Stabschef-SA
  • Viktor Lutze (1934–1943), Stabschef-SA
  • Wilhelm Scheppmann (1943–1945), Stabschef-SA
Parent agency Germany NSDAP
Child agency
  • Flag Schutzstaffel.svg SS (until c.1934)

The Sturmabteilung (; often shortened to SA) was a paramilitary group for the German Nazi Party.

In English, they are often called the Stormtroopers or the Brownshirts, while Sturmabteilung literally translates to "assault detachment" or "assault section". The group was important in helping Adolf Hitler gain power in the 1930s. They wore a brown uniform, similar to the black uniform worn by Mussolini's Blackshirts.

The word Sturmabteilung was used before the founding of the Nazi Party in 1919. It originally comes from the specialized assault troops used by Germany in World War I utilising Hutier infiltration tactics.

Assault troops played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s.

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Sturmabteilung Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.