Summerlee, Museum of Scottish Industrial Life facts for kids
Summerlee Museum of Scottish Industrial Life, formerly known as Summerlee Heritage Park, is an industrial & social history museum in Coatbridge, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. It is situated on the site of the Victorian Summerlee Iron Works and the former Hydrocon Crane factory. The main Hydrocon factory building became the museum’s exhibition hall but it has been substantially changed and adapted since. The museum aims to show Lanarkshire's contribution to engineering, mining, steel working, weaving and farming, and also show the lives of the people of the area. It includes interactive displays and a temporary exhibition space.
The museum covers 22 acres and includes two Scheduled Monuments, Summerlee Iron Works and the Monkland Canal, a large play area, mine and miners' row, outdoor exhibits, a cafe, changing place, gift shop and sweet shop.
The Miners' Row
Built in 1991-2, the miners' row, or "raw" shows typical workers' homes from the 1880s to the 1980s. In the row there is also a sweet shop selling old fashioned sweets and some of modern houses have gardens such as the 1940s house which has a wartime "dig for victory" garden with Anderson shelter. The row is used frequently as a location for filming.
In the late 1980s, the Summerlee Transport Group (STG) was formed, in order to support the maintenance and operation of the tramway. The original tramway used to terminate only 300 yards from the entrance at the timber shed, before the extension of the Gartsherrie Branch canal bridge and thence towards the Miners' Cottages. As continued tradition, the cars continued to halt at the timber shed before continuing over the bridge and around the bend; however, that tradition was discontinued in the late 2010s.
The tramway opened in 1988 and was the first operational tramway in Scotland for over a quarter of a century, following the closure of the Glasgow Corporation Tramway in 1962, and continued to be the only tramway in Scotland for twenty-six years until Edinburgh reopened its tramway in 2014, save from the Glasgow Garden Festival Tramway, which opened six weeks after the Summerlee Line.
Whilst the first two operational trams at Summerlee were continental cars - Brussels 9062 and Graz 225 - it has always been the intention to use traditional British cars, preferably with local connections, which is now being realized.
There were also two donor cars on site, which were never operational purchased for their spare parts:
Oporto 150 was built in 1925 and remained in service there until 1993, when it was purchased by Summerlee for its truck and electrical equipment for Lanarkshire 53 during its restoration. The body was later scrapped.
Lisbon 400-474 was built in 1900-1901 and worked on the system until 1973. The truck was sold to Summerlee in 1995, re-sized and fitted to Glasgow 1017.
|Original System||Car Number||Built||Date Acquired||Seats||Livery||Status||Notes||Image|
|Lanarkshire Tramways Company||53||1908||1995||59||Green and white||Operational||Open-top double-decker often used during busy summer open days.
This tram was built in 1908 for Lanarkshire Tramways and she was used on services from Hamilton, Motherwell and Wishaw. In 1917, she was involved in a crash and was not used again in passenger service until 1921 when she was modified and rebuilt. She continued in service until 1931 when the tramway closed. Lanarkshire 53 was then sold to a farmer in Beith, Ayrshire, and was used as a hay store.
By 1985, only the lower saloon body remained. Restoration was commenced on the bodywork at the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway until June 1988, when she came to Summerlee. The truck and running equipment came from Porto 150 (see above), whilst the platforms and upper-deck seats/railings and steps were all made at Summerlee.
On 1 April 1995 the tram was launched into passenger service by Helen Liddell MP.
|Düsseldorf||392||1951||1999||10||Cream||Operational||Wheelchair access tram from Germany.
Built for Rheinische Bahn Gesellschaft AG (Dusseldorf) in 1951, she was sold to Summerlee Transport Group for DM1 (£0.33). It cost approximately £4,500 to ship her to Coatbridge and a further £3,500 to fit the wheelchair lift.
|Glasgow Corporation Tramways (Ex. Paisley and District Tramways)||1017 (Ex. Paisley 17)||1904||1992||20||Orange and cream||Operational||Single Decker (ex. Double Decker) - Glasgow "School" Car with raised floor.
This car was built in 1904 for Paisley District Tramway as an open-top double-decker and numbered 17. She was temporarily withdrawn from passenger service in 1915 after suffering an accident. She re-entered service in 1917.
When Paisley and District Tramways was absorbed by Glasgow Corporation, most of the ex-Paisley cars were converted to single-decker for the Clydebank/Duntocher routes. Renumbered 1017 by Glasgow, this car never ran on those routes, but was instead converted to the "School Car". As part of the conversion of 1017, the sideways bench seats were replaced by a 2+1 transverse arrangement and the floor in the centre sedated area was raised to allow the trainee drivers better visibility of the controls and the instructing motorman. A frequent sight on Coplaw Street, all tram drivers trained from 1925-1959 were trained and passed on Glasgow 1017.
As the Glasgow tram system came to wind down, the Motor School closed in 1959. She was then split from her truck and sold for parts: the body was bought by an enthusiast in Cambuslang, who used it as a meeting place for the Scottish Tramway and Transport Society; and the controllers were shipped to the National Tramway Museum in Crich, presumably for use in another vehicle.
In 1992, the tram came to Summerlee and underwent a ten-year restoration to its current condition, using the truck from donor vehicle Lisbon 400-474 (see above).
|Glasgow Corporation Tramways||1245||1939||2002||64||Orange, green and cream||Currently undergoing long-term restoration||Coronation Class Tram
Built at Coplawhill works by Glasgow Corporation transport and completed on 29 May 1939, 1245 was based at the Parkhead tram depot on Tollcross Road, and ran through Coatbridge on route 23. When this part of the system closed in 1956, it was transferred to city centre service until its withdrawal on 19 June 1962. Its final duty was to shunt other trams waiting to be scrapped until 1963.
Later that year, she was moved to East Anglia Transport Museum, and then again to Blackpool Transport's Rigby Road depot in 1998 for storage.
She was acquired by Summerlee in 2002, but had to wait until 2011 for restoration to commence, which continues to this day. It is expected that she will be of considerable interest both nationally as the only operational Coronation Tram in the world and locally in view of her service in Coatbridge on route 23.
|Brussels Tramway Network||9062||1959||1988||18||Cream||Scrapped in 2004 after act of vandalism||First operation tram at Summerlee, and first operational tram in Scotland for 26 years.
When this tram arrived at Summerlee, she only had a control unit at one end of the car. Unlike British trams, almost all of which were designed to be operated from either end, it is common for European cars to be designed to run on a loop rather than towards dead-end termini, and thus European trams do not require the ability to be driven in either direction. For this reason, this model of tramcar was operated from end one by single man operation, which allowed the driver to collect fares without a conductor aboard; however, a secondary shunting controller was fitted by Summerlee upon arrival before a full controller was installed a few years later.
Throughout her time in Scotland, 9062 was a reliable member of the operational fleet at Summerlee; but, as time progressed, and as the restoration of local trams were completed, 9062 found herself used less frequently. She was formally relieved of her duties by the introduction of Glasgow 1017 in 2002 and withdrawn from passenger duties.
She remained on site until an act of vandalism in 2004 left her beyond economic repair. The truck, motors, and electrics were sold to the Wirral Transport Museum, Birkenhead for re-use.
|Graz Tramway Network||225||1949||1988||16||Purple||Sold to the Brighton Tram 53 Society in 2010||The second stalwart of the early running fleet.
Built in 1950, 225 operated in the Austrian city until 1989. Although operated for the majority of her life as a single ended tram, she featured full controls at both ends, which proved a useful feature when imported into Britain.
The tram retained her Graz livery of green and white until 2002 when, as part of the celebrations to mark the Queens Golden Jubilee, she was given a special colour scheme of purple and white.
After performing sterling service in Scotland for many years, Graz 225 was later deemed surplus to requirements in a similar fate that befell Brussels 9092, when both were effectively replaced by Glasgow 1017.
With limited depot space available, and the museum now in possession of six cars, Graz 225 was placed in outside storage, where she fell into disrepair. In 2010, she was offered for sale to the Brighton Tram 53 Society for use as a site office and ultimately a donor vehicle. As of 2018, she remained in a derelict condition with the Brighton Tram 53 Society, but she will at least help ensure a unique British tram has a brighter outlook.
Railway Rolling Stock
|11||Gibb and Hogg, Airdrie||0-4-0ST||1898||16||Dark Green||Worked for Fife Coal Company and later N.C.B. Fife area. Later displayed in Pittencrief Park, Dunfermline. Only surviving locomotive from this builder. On display in exhibition hall.|
|9||Hudswell Clarke||0-6-0T||1909||895||Light Green||Worked for Fife Coal company and later N.C.B. Fife area. Open air display alongside mainline railway.|
|Springbok||4112||North British Locomotive Co.||4-8-2+2-8-4 Garratt||1956||27770||Black||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge South African Railways GMAM Class. Repatriated c.1988 by Springburn Museum Trust. Open air display outside exhibition hall. Owned by Glasgow Museums.|
|Robin||Sentinel||4wVB||1957||9628||Blue||Worked at R.B. Tennants, Whifflet Foundry, Coatbridge. Open air display alongside mainline railway.|
|5||Barclay||0-4-0DH||1966||472||Red||Open air display alongside mainline railway.|
|936103 (311103)||977844 (76433)||Cravens||BDTCOL||1967||Blue||Designated "historically important" by the Railway Heritage Committee.|
|936103 (311103)||977845 (62174)||Cravens||MBSO||1967||Blue||This vehicle contained the sandite tank|
|936103 (311103)||977846 (76414)||Cravens||DTSO||1967||Blue||Scrapped August 2006 by CF Booth, Rotherham. Bogies sold to VSOE for use under pullman coaches.|
- A replica of the 1819 barge Vulcan (barge), the first all-iron-hulled vessel, built for the Glasgow Garden Festival in 1988. The replica is probably the last hand riveted boat built on the Clyde and was Summerlee Museum and Monklands District Council's entry into the Festival. In 2016, it was re-sited on the Monkland Canal, the Gartsherrie Cut runs through the site, following refurbishment with the aid of Scottish Waterways, Scottish Canals and the Heritage Lottery Fund. It rests on a cradle, slightly proud of the water and is fully accessible for visitors.
Summerlee, Museum of Scottish Industrial Life Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.