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Sweet Chestnut facts for kids

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The other kind of Chestnut is commonly called Horse Chestnut. It is not related to this tree.
Sweet Chestnut
Sweet Chestnut tree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Castanea
Species: C. sativa
Binomial name
Castanea sativa
the fruit of the tree
Castanea sativa MHNT.BOT.2006.0.1272
Castanea sativa

Sweet Chestnut, sometimes called European Chestnut, Spanish Chestnut or Portuguese Chestnut is a family of trees. Originally these trees were native to the Mediterranean parts of Europe and Asia Minor. These trees can grow to sizes between 20 and 35m high. The trees are deciduous, they do not have leaves in winter.


The species is widely cultivated for its edible seeds (also called nuts) and for its wood.

A tree grown from seed may take 20 years or more before it bears fruits, but a grafted cultivar such as 'Marron de Lyon' or 'Paragon' may start production within five years of being planted. Both cultivars bear fruits with a single large kernel, rather than the usual two to four smaller kernels.

The ornamental cultivar C. sativa 'Albomarginata' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit

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