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Tenpyō facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Tenpyō (天平), also romanized as Tempyō, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Jinki and before Tenpyō-kanpō. This period started in August 729 and ended in April 749. The reigning emperor was Shōmu-tennō (聖武天皇).

Events of the Tenpyō era

  • 740 (Tenpyō 12, 10th month): The forces of Fujiwara no Hirotsugu are defeated in Hizen Province on the island of Kyushu.
  • 740 (Tenpyō 12): Japan's capital city is established in Kuni-kyō.
  • 741 (Tenpyō 13): The Emperor establishes Buddhist temples in the provinces of Japan. Provincial monasteries were built.
  • 743 (Tenpyō 15): The Emperor orders creation of a huge statue of the Buddha (daibutsu) which will be part of Tōdai-ji, Nara.
  • 744 (Tenpyō 16): Naniwa-kyō became Japan's capital.
  • 745 (Tenpyō 17): The capital returns to Heijō-kyō.
  • 749 (Tenpyō 20, 4th month): Former-Empress Genshō died.
  • 749 (Tenpyō 20): After a 25-year reign, Emperor Shōmu abdicated and took vows as a Buddhist priest. Shōmu's daughter receives the succession (senso). Soon after, Empress Kōken's role as monarch was confirmed (sokui).


Related pages

  • National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
Tenpyō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748
Tenpyō 21st
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Tenpyō para niños

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Tenpyō Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.