Tenpyō facts for kids

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Tenpyō (天平), also romanized as Tempyō, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Jinki and before Tenpyō-kanpō. This period started in August 729 and ended in April 749. The reigning emperor was Shōmu-tennō (聖武天皇).

Events of the Tenpyō era

  • 740 (Tenpyō 12, 10th month): The forces of Fujiwara no Hirotsugu are defeated in Hizen Province on the island of Kyushu.
  • 740 (Tenpyō 12): Japan's capital city is established in Kuni-kyō.
  • 741 (Tenpyō 13): The Emperor establishes Buddhist temples in the provinces of Japan. Provincial monasteries were built.
  • 743 (Tenpyō 15): The Emperor orders creation of a huge statue of the Buddha (daibutsu) which will be part of Tōdai-ji, Nara.
  • 744 (Tenpyō 16): Naniwa-kyō became Japan's capital.
  • 745 (Tenpyō 17): The capital returns to Heijō-kyō.
  • 749 (Tenpyō 20, 4th month): Former-Empress Genshō died.
  • 749 (Tenpyō 20): After a 25-year reign, Emperor Shōmu abdicated and took vows as a Buddhist priest. Shōmu's daughter receives the succession (senso). Soon after, Empress Kōken's role as monarch was confirmed (sokui).

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