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大阪市 · Osaka City
Osaka Castle
Location of Osaka in Osaka Prefecture
Location of Osaka in Osaka Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka
 • Total 223.00 km2 (86.10 sq mi)
 (January 1, 2012)
 • Total 2,871,680
 • Density 12,877.49/km2 (33,352.5/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Sakura
- Flower Pansy
Phone number 06-6208-8181
Address 1-3-20 Nakanoshima, Kita-ku, Ōsaka-shi, Ōsaka-fu

Osaka (大阪) is the capital city of Osaka Prefecture which faces Osaka Bay and the Seto Inland Sea.

Osaka is in the Kansai region. It is the economic and cultural center of the Kansai region.

Since 1980 it had been the second largest city in Japan.

It is a city designated by government ordinance in Japan.

Osaka is surrounded by Hyōgo Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Nara Prefecture, Wakayama Prefecture.


Sometimes it is called by its historical name Naniwa.

Because it is by the sea, it is good for transportation. That is why an ancient emperor made Osaka the capital city. In the early part of the 8th century Naniwa was one of capitals of Japan. In the middle of the 16th century Toyotomi Hideyoshi founded Osaka castle and governed Japan in Osaka. The basis of development of Osaka was prepared in those times. Osaka castle was destroyed once by Tokugawa Ieyasu but Ieyasu choose Osaka as one of the political centers in the Western Japan. He made Osaka a direct dominion of the shogun. During the Edo period Osaka was a center of commerce, finance, pharmacy and other products. It was a center for literature and theater. Kabuki in Osaka is as famous as Kabuki in Edo and Kyoto. It is also known for bunraku (a traditional puppet theater) and manzai (a kind of stand-up comedy).

Traditional Osaka food dishes include okonomiyaki (pan-fried batter cake) and takoyaki (octopus dumplings).

In this region, many people speak a dialect called Osaka-Ben (e.g. "ookini"="thank you").

After the Meiji restoration Osaka was modernized and industrialized. It was a center of Japanese industry. After the World War II its economical importance was relatively less because Tokyo grew as an international city and many companies moved their headquarters to Tokyo. But Osaka is still a large, important city.

Sightseeing spots

  • Universal Studios Japan – This is the most famous theme park in Osaka. There are shows, popular characters and musicals.
  • Kaiyuukan – This is the most famous aquarium in Osaka. They have animals including whale sharks and penguins.
  • Yoshimoto shinkigenki – It is a traditional comedy in Namba Grand Kagetsu.
Seasonal spots


Football clubs in Osaka

Baseball teams in Osaka

Mind sports in Osaka

Related pages

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Osaka para niños

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