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Thomas Grafton Hanson
Brigadier General Thomas Grafton Hanson in France, August 1918
May 1, 1865|
San Rafael, California
|Died||May 23, 1945
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1887–1919|
World War I
• Battle of Saint-Mihiel
• Meuse-Argonne Offensive
Thomas Grafton Hanson (May 1, 1865 – May 23, 1945) was a United States Army officer in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He served in several conflicts, including World War I, during which he commanded the 89th Infantry Division.
Hanson was commissioned into the 19th Infantry Regiment, and he did frontier duty from 1887 to 1890. He graduated from the Infantry and Cavalry School in 1891. During the Spanish–American War, Hanson served in Cuba and Puerto Rico, and he went to the Philippines shortly thereafter. Hanson taught at the USMA from 1901 to 1905 as an assistant professor of modern languages. He then graduated from the Army School of the Line and the Army Staff College between 1910 and 1912.
Hanson was promoted to the rank of brigadier general on August 5, 1917. He assumed command of the 178th Infantry Brigade, part of the 89th Infantry Division, first at Camp Funston and later in France, where he led it in numerous battles, including the Battle of Saint-Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Hanson commanded the entire 89th Division from December 24 to 27, 1917.
Hanson married Pauline DeForest on September 1, 1893. Together, they had two children.
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