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Thomas Grafton Hanson
111-SC-22805 - NARA - 55205311-croppedHanson.jpg
Brigadier General Thomas Grafton Hanson in France, August 1918
Born (1865-05-01)May 1, 1865
San Rafael, California
Died May 23, 1945(1945-05-23) (aged 80)
Oakland, California
Allegiance United States United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1887–1919
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier general
Service number 0-13357
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Philippine–American War
World War I
 • Battle of Saint-Mihiel
 • Meuse-Argonne Offensive
Spouse(s) Pauline DeForest
Children 2

Thomas Grafton Hanson (May 1, 1865 – May 23, 1945) was a United States Army officer in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He served in several conflicts, including World War I, during which he commanded the 89th Infantry Division.


Hanson was born on May 1, 1865 in San Rafael, California. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1887.

Hanson was commissioned into the 19th Infantry Regiment, and he did frontier duty from 1887 to 1890. He graduated from the Infantry and Cavalry School in 1891. During the Spanish–American War, Hanson served in Cuba and Puerto Rico, and he went to the Philippines shortly thereafter. Hanson taught at the USMA from 1901 to 1905 as an assistant professor of modern languages. He then graduated from the Army School of the Line and the Army Staff College between 1910 and 1912.

Hanson was promoted to the rank of brigadier general on August 5, 1917. He assumed command of the 178th Infantry Brigade, part of the 89th Infantry Division, first at Camp Funston and later in France, where he led it in numerous battles, including the Battle of Saint-Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Hanson commanded the entire 89th Division from December 24 to 27, 1917.

Hanson retired on January 4, 1919, at his permanent rank of colonel. He lived in San Francisco and died in Oakland, California, on May 23, 1945.

Personal life

Hanson married Pauline DeForest on September 1, 1893. Together, they had two children.

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