Treaty of Lausanne facts for kids
The Treaty of Lausanne was signed in 1923, after Turkey had won the Greco-Turkish War, of 1919-22. It settles the border between modern-day Greece, and modern-day Turkey, as well as other borders of Turkey. Other countries that signed the treaty include Italy, France, Great Britain, Japan, as well as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Note that Greece and Turkey have had disputes, often focused on the question, which country certain (usually uninhabited) islands and rocks in the Aegean Sea belong to. In 1987, and 1996 these disputes almost led to military conflict.
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Adakale Island in River Danube was forgotten during the peace talks at the Congress of Berlin in 1878, which allowed it to remain a de jure Turkish territory and the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II's private possession until the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 (de facto until Romania unilaterally declared its sovereignty on the island in 1919 and further strengthened this claim with the Treaty of Trianon in 1920.) The island was submerged during the construction of the Iron Gates hydroelectric plant in 1970, which also removed the possibility of a potential legal claim by the descendants of Abdul Hamid II.
Turkish delegation after having signed the Treaty of Lausanne. The delegation was led by İsmet İnönü (in the middle).
Treaty of Lausanne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.