kids encyclopedia robot

Tu Youyou facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Tu (屠).
Quick facts for kids
Tu Youyou
Tu Youyou 5012-1-2015.jpg
Tu Youyou, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, in Stockholm, December 2015.
Born (1930-12-30) 30 December 1930 (age 91)
Citizenship China
Alma mater Peking University Medical School / Beijing Medical College (now Peking University Health Science Center)
Known for Discovering artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin
Awards Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award (2011)
Warren Alpert Foundation Prize (2015)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2015)
Highest Science and Technology Award, China (2016)
Scientific career
Fields Medicinal chemistry
Chinese herbology
Antimalarial medication
Clinical research
Institutions China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Academic advisors Lou Zhicen
Chinese name
Chinese 屠呦呦

Tu Youyou (Chinese: 屠呦呦; pinyin: Tú Yōuyōu; born 30 December 1930) is a Chinese pharmacologist. She won the Nobel Prize in 2015 for medicine. She is famous for making a medicine to treat Malaria. Malaria is a sickness or disease. It is spread by mosquitoes. It poorly affects a lot of people in the world. Many people have died from Malaria. Tu came up with a cure.

Early Life

Tu was born on December 30, 1930.  She was born and raised in Ningbo, Zhejiang. Zhejiang is a province of China. It is located in eastern China. In 1951, she moved to Beijing. She went to the Peking University in Beijing. At the university, she studied pharmacology. In 1955, she finished college and started working at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Beijing. It is now called the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences.

Work and Discoveries

In 1969, China was having a cultural revolution against Western ideas. This means that many schools, colleges, and research centers were closed. Tu was assigned to a secret project that was to find the cure for Malaria during this time. Malaria was killing American and Vietnamese soldiers in Vietnam before the treatment was found. She studied traditional Chinese medicinal ancient text. She was trying to find an herbal treatment. The text they read gave information about a medicinal plant, Qinghao. Qinghao is also known as sweet wormwood. Tu and two other scientists found a part of the plant that helped treat Malaria. This was made into a drug that stopped and treated the disease in millions of people. This drug was called artemisinin.

kids search engine
Tu Youyou Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.