|A Bactrian Camel walking in the snow|
|Map of the world showing distribution of camelids. Solid black lines indicate possible migration routes.|
The animals of the genus Camelus are also called Afro-Asiatic Camelids. The animals of the genus Lama and genus Vicugna are also called South American Camelids.
There also exists a camelid hybrid called a Cama. It is the child of a female Llama and a male Dromedary Camel. The Cama does not exist in nature, but is "made" by humans through artificial insemination (that means the sperm is artificially put into the female).
Camelids and humans
Camelids have been domesticated by humans for about 5000 years. They have been important for transport, but were also kept for wool, meat and milk. The llama and alpaca were very important for the South American cultures, like the Inka. The camels were used by people in north Africa and Asia, especially in deserts.
Images for kids
A dymaxion map of the biogeographic distribution of Camelidae species. Light blue indicates the Tertiary distribution, dark blue indicates the present-day distributions, and green indicates the introduced (feral) distributions. The yellow dot is the origin of the Camelidae family and the black arrows are the historic migration routes that explain the present day distribution.
South American vicuña (Vicugna vicugna)
Camelid Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.