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Tyronza, Arkansas
Southern Tenant Farmers Museum, August 2011
Southern Tenant Farmers Museum, August 2011
Location of Tyronza in Poinsett County, Arkansas.
Location of Tyronza in Poinsett County, Arkansas.
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Poinsett
Incorporated May 17, 1926
Area
 • Total 1.55 sq mi (4.03 km2)
 • Land 1.55 sq mi (4.03 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
226 ft (69 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 716
 • Density 460.45/sq mi (177.77/km2)
Time zone UTC−06:00 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
ZIP Code
72386
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-70700
GNIS feature ID 0055773

Tyronza is a city in Poinsett County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 762 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Jonesboro, Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area and is in the Arkansas Delta.

Geography

Tyronza is located at 35°29′N 90°21′W / 35.483°N 90.350°W / 35.483; -90.350 (35.487, -90.357).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.1 km² (1.6 mi²), all land.

History

Tyronza is one of the oldest cities within Poinsett County with its origins dating back to the late 19th Century. In the 1930s it was the site where the Southern Tenant Farmers movement started that became a national outcry against the abusive discrimination of wealthy land owners against sharecroppers who were mostly African-American farmers. There is now a museum in the city run by Arkansas State University highlighting the history of the movement and the history of the region. Tyronza was also the home of Dr. L. H. McDaniel, a local physician who became friends with President Lyndon Baines Johnson through his political involvement in the Democratic Party. McDaniel was a close advisor to Johnson and U.S. House Ways and Means Chairman Wilbur D. Mills (D-Arkansas) in the creation of the Medicare and Medicaid programs which began in 1965, the year McDaniel died. He treated patients all over eastern Arkansas regardless of their ability to pay and often accepted live chickens, baked goods and garden vegetables as payment for his in-home visits. McDaniel was a national delegate to Democratic Conventions in the 1950s and brought national political and medical leaders to Tyronza with conferences he set up in huge 1,000-seat tents on the outskirts of the city. Although the community started as a farming and retail center it has become a bedroom community for many of its residents that work in Jonesboro or Memphis but who prefer the small town lifestyle.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 573
1940 639 11.5%
1950 656 2.7%
1960 601 −8.4%
1970 510 −15.1%
1980 777 52.4%
1990 858 10.4%
2000 918 7.0%
2010 762 −17.0%
2020 716 −6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Tyronza racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 615 85.89%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 28 3.91%
Asian 1 0.14%
Other/Mixed 45 6.28%
Hispanic or Latino 27 3.77%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 716 people, 376 households, and 268 families residing in the city.

Gallery


Education

The East Poinsett County School District operates public schools, including East Poinsett County High School.

The Tyronza School District consolidated into the East Poinsett district on July 1, 1986.

Notable people

  • Mignon Dunn, opera singer
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