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Uncle facts for kids

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Relative Table
A chart showing the names for relationships in an extended family.

An uncle is a name used in an extended family. An uncle is either a brother of one of someone's parents. That person is the uncle's nephew (male) or niece (female). An uncle's child is a cousin. A granduncle (also written as great-uncle or grand-uncle) is the brother of a grandparent. In some cultures an uncle is considered a close family member. Based on the old Chinese saying "the oldest son in the family is the father of the family" an uncle is often the head of a family. In many cultures no single word (such as uncle) describes both their parents' brothers. Instead there are words to describe a person's kinship to their mother's brother or a person's kinship to their father's brother. An uncle can also be someone not related by blood or marriage as in a term of endearment or respect. In this use uncle can also be part of a nickname such as Uncle Sam.


During the Middle Ages in western Europe, a maternal uncle played a particular role in the family. A young man was often closer to his maternal uncle (from Latin: avunculus or "little grandfather") than to his own father. Tacitus noted the Franks had very strong ties between a maternal uncle and his nephew. In Roman family relationships the avunculus had a responsibility to defend his nephews as well as his nieces. The maternal uncle relationship was an extension of the Roman kin system's strong brother-sister relationship.

Variation of terms

A maternal or paternal relative is one who is related through there parents mother or father respectively. For example a maternal uncle is a the subject's mother's brother.An in-law is a relationship that is not by blood, but instead by marriage. The in-law shares the in-law relationships of the spouses relatives. For example a uncle in-law could be the husband of the subject's Aunt.

  • Uncle: the brother of someone's parent. The child of subject's an Aunt or Uncle's is the subject's cousin.
  • Half-uncle: the parent's half-brother.
  • Double half-uncle: a person who is a half sibling of both of the subjects parents.
  • Granduncle / great-uncle: the grandparent's brother.
  • Great-granduncle / Great-great-uncle: the great-grandparent's full brother.
  • Uncle-in-law: the aunt's husband or the spouse's uncle.
  • Co-uncle-in-law: the spouse's aunt's husband.

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