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White Wolf Mountain facts for kids

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Troy Caldwell White Wolf Tahoe 2016
Owner of White Wolf Tahoe. Troy Caldwell 2016

White Wolf Mountain is a 460-acre private ski area located in the Lake Tahoe area, California. The ski area is discussed relating to the owner of Squaw Valley Ski Resort and Alpine Meadows (ski resort) interest in using White Wolf Mountain's interconnected property to create a mega resort. The property is named after a large white dog the owners rescued from a cliff of the property.


White Wolf Tahoe Full Mountain 2017
White Wolf Tahoe. Full mountain 2017

White Wolf Mountain is located between Squaw Valley, Placer County, California and Alpine Meadows, California. The property runs from the parking lot at Alpine Meadows to Squaw Valley, and includes KT-22, which Squaw Valley leases from White Wolf Mountain.

Current Use

Currently the land is used as a private ski area with 1123 vertical feet, and ski areas are accessed via Snowcat. A chairlift is also currently being installed, and its installation is the subject of litigation with Squaw Valley Ski Resort.


In 1970 Troy Caldwell started working selling lift tickets at Alpine Meadows. He was an avid freestyle skier and later joined the US Freestyle team. He met his wife Susan who also worked at Alpine Meadows. Caldwell had studied architecture in college and also built houses in the summer months, building one to live in and another as a rental unit.

Caldwell and his wife dreamed of opening a mountain ski lodge, and the land that he was interested in he found out was owned by Southern Pacific Railroad. Caldwell visited Brandon Mark of Southern Pacific in San Francisco who and Mark told him that SP was in the process of spinning of its land portfolio to Catellus Development Corporation, and was keen to sell the land for cash if possible. During the land negotiation SP called Squaw Valley to ask if they were still interested to buy the land, and the Squaw Valley employee said to S&P (by mistake) that they were not interested in buying it (despite Alexander Cushing's many attempts to buy it over the years). He initially planned to ask Southern Pacific to sell him 5 acres, but the railroad refused and offered the entire 460 acre parcel. Troy Caldwell purchased the 460-acre section of property in 1989 from Southern Pacific Railroad for $450,000. According to Troy Caldwell: "The section of land that I own borders Alpine Meadows and butts right up to their parking lot...and rolls over onto KT-22. It is my mountain. I own about 70 acres of Squaw. I bought it from Southern Pacific Land Co. in 1989."

After buying the land the Caldwell's built a road in to the land and lived on it. Cushing of Squaw Valley was unhappy that Caldwell had bought the land and eventually sued Caldwell in 1996 for breach of contract (as Caldwell was now leaseholder of land leased to Squaw Valley). Caldwell and Cushing later agreed to trade 70 acres of land for ski lift equipment, and Caldwell later filed suit against Cushing for breach of contract, as Caldwell argued that Cushing had failed to delivery the ski lift towers as promised.

Caldwell after beginning construction of his first chairlift was sued by the Bear Creek homeowners association. Caldwell eventually settled the suit and stopped construction of his ski lifts in 2007, and agreed that the land would only be utilized as a private ski area with up to 25 guests on the mountain at any given time.

As of 2014 Andy Wirth of KSL Capital Partners and Troy Caldwell have been working on using the land to interconnect Squaw Valley and Alpine Meadows.

Caldwell stated in 2019 he has spent $1.4 million "on paperwork" and lives a modest life driving a 1987 Toyota pickup. In 2019 Caldwell received a response from Placer County regarding his plans to build 38 single-family homes, 14 guest units, housing for employees, a lodge, and only two ski lifts. Note that as of 2019 Alterra Mountain Company (the owner of Squaw and Alpine) still has plans to cross the property with a base to base gondola to connect Squaw and Alpine.

Early Development Plans

It is the stated goal of Troy Caldwell to use the land to interconnect Squaw Valley and Alpine Meadows ski areas. There is also significant community interest in connecting the two resorts.

In September 2011, Alpine Meadows and Squaw Valley Ski Resort merged ownership. The two resorts will retain their distinct identities but unite under common management dominated by Squaw's Valley's parent company, KSL Capital Partners. Alpine Meadow's parent, JMA Ventures, will own a smaller part. The new umbrella entity over both resorts will be known as Squaw Valley Ski Holdings LLC. It has been discussed in the media that the new company Squaw Valley Ski Holdings LLC, will seek to eventually combine the two resorts into one large resort through an agreement with a ski resort located on the mountain connecting Alpine Meadows and Squaw Valley, called White Wolf Mountain. This proposed combination is supported by White Wolf Mountain owner Troy Caldwell. If connected via White Wolf, the combined ski area would be the second largest resort in North America, only slightly smaller than Whistler Blackcomb.

Caldwell's 2011 proposed vision for White Wolf Mountain includes:

  • A small high-end ski resort
  • Gondola & 3 ski lifts
  • Mid mountain hotel
  • Small village complete with ice skating rink

In 2015 Squaw Valley Ski Holdings LLC announced a proposal to build a gondola through the property to connect the resorts.


Troy Caldwell is currently in litigation with Squaw Valley over his installation of chairlift towers that would interconnect the two resorts. There have been many rounds of litigation, with the California Supreme Court ruling in 2000 that Caldwell was allowed to open his proposed chairlift, subject to limitations.

There is some indication that Squaw Valley's new ownership, KSL Partners, are seeking to work with Caldwell, and put aside their differences. In December 2011 KSL paid for Caldwell to study ski resort development in the American West. He visited Jackson, Vail, Aspen, Snowmass, Buttermilk, Aspen Highlands, Beaver Creek, Steamboat, Grand Targhee, & Big Sky. KSL footed the bill for that on-site research and Caldwell said of the trip, “(KSL) treated us like kings and queens.”

White Wolf Subdivision

In 2019 White Wolf Subdivision was proposed to Placer County planning department, and proposed 38 single family homes, 2 ski lifts and other amenities. The current concept is a private ski area with its own lifts, lodges, etc.

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