1767 Milestones facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
The "Parting Ways" stone in Roxbury
|Location||Massachusetts between Springfield and Boston|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Built||various dates; many pursuant to a policy dating to 1767|
|NRHP reference No.||71000084|
|Added to NRHP||April 7, 1971|
The 1767 Milestones are historic milestones located along the route of the Upper Boston Post Road between the cities of Boston and Springfield in Massachusetts. The 40 surviving milestones were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. Massachusetts has a total of 129 surviving milestones including those along the upper Post Road. The stones are so named, despite having been placed in many different years, because of a 1767 directive of the Province of Massachusetts Bay that such stones be placed along major roadways. The state highway department was directed in 1960 to undertake their preservation. Many of them underwent a major restoration in 2018.
The first stone was erected by Paul Dudley, one of the prominent citizens of early 18th century Massachusetts, in Roxbury, which was at the time a separate community. Roxbury was located at the end of the Boston Neck, a narrow isthmus separating the mainland from the Shawmut Peninsula, where Boston was located. Travelers going by land from Boston to other areas had to travel over the neck and through Roxbury to reach their destinations. The Roxbury junction where Dudley placed the first stone was where several routes branched, heading south and west across New England.
Dudley erected several stones along the road from Boston to Cambridge which wound its way from Beacon Hill along what is now Washington Street through the Dudley Square area to what is now Huntington Avenue, then along Harvard Street through Brookline Village, Coolidge Corner, and Allston crossing into Cambridge at the Great Bridge, where modern JFK Street in Cambridge becomes North Harvard Street in Allston. The stones that Dudley erected have the initial PD on them, usually at the bottom of the stone. The most chatty of these milestones (not part of this collection), is inscribed P Dudley rather than PD, and is located on the corner of Centre and South Streets in Jamaica Plain.
The stones listed for miles 23 through 29 in Wayland and Sudbury are actually guideposts rather than milestones, and do not list any mileage. They were erected at road intersections rather than at the mile marks. The stones are quarried granite posts with plug & feather tool marks and post-date 1800.
|01||1741||Boston, Roxbury||This stone is called the "Parting Ways Stone".|
|04||1729||Boston, Mission Hill||Engraved "Boston 4 Miles 1729 PD".|
|05||1729||Brookline||Engraved "Boston 5 Miles 1729 PD".|
|06||1729||Boston, Brighton||Engraved "Boston 6 Miles 1729 PD".|
|07||1729||Boston, Brighton||Engraved "Boston 7 Miles 1729 PD".|
Old Burial Ground|
(Mass. Ave. and Garden St.)
|Cambridge||Engraved "Boston 8 Miles 1734 AI" on the front, and "Cambridge New Bridge 2 ¼ Miles 1794" on the back.|
|27||Sudbury||Listed as missing in 2009 state survey.|
|33||Northborough||Engraved "33 Miles to Boston".|
|35||Shrewsbury||Engraved "Boston 35 Springfield 65 Albany 165".|
|43||c.1760||Shrewsbury||Engraved "43 Mile to Boston".|
|48||Worcester||Moved to 30 Elm Street (Worcester Historical Museum) c. 2007
It was reported to be in storage there in January 2014.
|54||Leicester||Stolen and recovered in the 1990s; relocated to museum space in local library in 1996. Now on the Leicester town common. An unmarked replica is embedded in a stone wall just west of Paxton on the south side of Main Street.|
|56||Leicester||Opposite Leicester Drive-In.|
|57||Leicester||In front of the Spencer Country Inn.|
|62||East Brookfield||Stone has been reengraved with loss of integrity.|
Burbank and Washington Sts.|
(behind/north side of 129 Washington St.)
|72||Warren||Now in front of Warren Congregational Church; relocated after 1970.|
State St. at Federal St. (||Springfield||Known as the "Wait Guide Stone". Inscribed-
Replica placed in 2010. Original in storage at the Armory Museum.
|Source unless otherwise cited: NRHP nomination papers|
1767 Milestones Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.