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Sudbury, Massachusetts
Wayside Inn
Wayside Inn
Official seal of Sudbury, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1638
Incorporated 1639
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Total 24.6 sq mi (63.8 km2)
 • Land 24.4 sq mi (63.1 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
190 ft (58 m)
 • Total 18,934
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-68260
GNIS feature ID 0618237

Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2020 census, it had a population of 18,934. The town, located in Greater Boston's MetroWest region, has a rich colonial history.


The town was incorporated in 1639. At that time, the boundaries of Sudbury included (by 1653) all what is now of Wayland (which split off in 1780), and parts of Framingham, Marlborough, Stow and Maynard (Maynard split off 1871). The Sudbury Center Historic District has changed little since 1800.

Sudbury also contributed the most militia during King Philip's War and was the site of a native raid. Ephraim Curtis was a successful leader of the militia of West Sudbury and would lend his name to the town's junior high school. Sudbury militia participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concord, in 1775, where Sudbury members sniped on British Red Coats returning to Boston.

One of Sudbury's historic landmarks, the Wayside Inn, claims to be the country's oldest operating inn, built and run by the Howe family for many generations. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote Tales of a Wayside Inn, a book of poems published in 1863. In the book, the poem The Landlord's Tale was the source of the immortal phrase "listen my children and you shall hear, of the midnight ride of Paul Revere." Henry Ford bought the inn in 1923, restored it and donated it to a charitable foundation which continues to run it as an operating inn to this day. Ford also built a boys' school on the property, as well as a grist mill, and the Martha–Mary Chapel. He brought in the Redstone Schoolhouse from Sterling, which was reputed to be the school in Sarah Josepha Hale's nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb. However, Giuseppi Cavicchio's refusal to sell his water rights scuttled Henry Ford's plans to build an auto parts factory at the site of Charles O. Parmenter's mill in South Sudbury.

In the period after World War II, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon became a major employer after opening a large research facility in Sudbury in 1958. Another major employer in that period was Sperry Rand. In the 1970s, the town was home to many of the engineers working in the minicomputer revolution at Digital Equipment Corporation in nearby Maynard. Sudbury was also one of the largest carnation-growing towns, with many greenhouse operations.

Residentially, Sudbury's 1-acre (4,000 m2) zoning bylaws helped the town maintain a more rural character through the 1970s and 1980s, when developments of single-family Colonials and large Capes established it as an affluent location. Commercial growth was restricted to the town's main thoroughfare, US Route 20, and significant tracts of open space—including much wetland—were preserved in the northern half of town. As subdivisions of large homes continued to be constructed well into the 1990s, Sudbury became one of the wealthiest towns in Massachusetts.

Contrary to local legend, the town's ZIP code of 01776 was not specially assigned in recognition of the town's historical connections to the Revolutionary War, according to the Sudbury Historical Society.


Sudbury Signpost
An antique granite road marker along Route 27 in the town's center
Sudbury in 1856 from Walling's
Sudbury in 1856

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (64 km2), of which 24.4 square miles (63 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.06%, is water. The highest point in Sudbury is on the north slope of Nobscot Hill, and the highest summit is Tippling Rock, which commands a great view of the west of Boston and the tops of the Hancock and Prudential buildings in downtown.

Sudbury is bordered by Wayland (the Sudbury River) on the east; Framingham on the south; Hudson, Maynard, Marlborough, and Stow on the west; Concord on the northeast; and Acton on the north. A larger town, Sudbury also shares a common corner with Lincoln, with which it shares a regional high school, Lincoln-Sudbury High School. Sudbury is 20 miles (32 km) west of Boston, 26 miles (42 km) east of Worcester, and 194 miles (312 km) from New York City.

The area of original town of Sudbury in 1650 included most of the area within the present towns of Wayland and Maynard and all of the area within the present town of Sudbury.

Adjacent towns

Sudbury is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by several towns:


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1790 1,290 —    
1800 1,303 +1.0%
1810 1,287 −1.2%
1820 1,417 +10.1%
1830 1,423 +0.4%
1840 1,422 −0.1%
1850 1,578 +11.0%
1860 1,691 +7.2%
1870 2,091 +23.7%
1880 1,178 −43.7%
1890 1,197 +1.6%
1900 1,150 −3.9%
1910 1,120 −2.6%
1920 1,121 +0.1%
1930 1,182 +5.4%
1940 1,754 +48.4%
1950 2,596 +48.0%
1960 7,447 +186.9%
1970 13,506 +81.4%
1980 14,027 +3.9%
1990 14,358 +2.4%
2000 16,841 +17.3%
2010 17,659 +4.9%
2020 18,934 +7.2%
* population 1850–2010
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data. * population 1790–1840 Source: Map Of Massachusetts

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,841 people, 5,504 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 691.1 people per square mile (266.8/km2). There were 5,590 housing units at an average density of 229.4 per square mile (88.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.23% Caucasian, 0.80% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. An update in the town's census recorded the population at 18,192 as of 6/10/2015.

There were 5,504 households, out of which 51.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 32.5% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $151,041, and the median income for a family was $222,008. Males had a median income of $148,593 versus $47,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $75,865. About 2.1% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Places of worship

2004-08-14 - 01 - Sudbury
Sudbury's First Parish Church
2004-08-14 - 03 - Sudbury
The town's Presbyterian Church
  • First Baptist Church of Sudbury
  • Congregation B'nai Torah, Jewish
  • Congregation Beth El of the Sudbury River Valley], Jewish
  • Chabad Center of Sudbury], Jewish
  • First Parish of Sudbury. Gathered in 1640, and moved to the present site in 1723. The historic meeting house (second on the site) was built in 1797. First Parish became Unitarian in 1837 and is now Unitarian Universalist.
  • Memorial Congregational Church, member of the United Church of Christ. An Open and Affirming Congregation.
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Roman Catholic
  • Presbyterian Church in Sudbury
  • Saint Elizabeth's Episcopal Church
  • St. Anselm Rectorate, Roman Catholic
  • St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Sudbury United Methodist Church


Sudbury students in kindergarten through eighth grade attend Sudbury Public Schools, with high school students attending schools in the Lincoln-Sudbury Regional School District, which was established in 1954, integrating the former Sudbury High School with that of the nearby town of Lincoln, Massachusetts. In 2011, Boston magazine ranked Sudbury's school system 4th in the state, in both of its categories(classroom/academics & Testing/Achievement scores). In subsequent (as well as many prior) years, Sudbury is perennially ranked as a 'Top 20' Massachusetts school system. [1]

In June 2002, the towns of Lincoln and Sudbury began a $74 million project to build a new high school near the site of the original building. The shared Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School (LSRHS) is in Sudbury.

The high school's science program student team won the 2006 National Ocean Sciences Bowl championship and came in second in 2005. LSRHS has a nationally recognized school newspaper and school yearbook, The Forum and DYAD, respectively.

There are four elementary schools in Sudbury and one middle school. The four elementary schools are:

  • Josiah Haynes Elementary School
  • Israel Loring Elementary School
  • General John Nixon Elementary School
  • Peter Noyes Elementary School

The middle school is:

  • Ephraim Curtis Middle School

Sudbury has two former elementary schools that were converted to other uses:

  • Fairbank Elementary School is now a community center, and the central office for the school district.
  • Horse Pond Elementary School is now a Massachusetts State Police Crime Laboratory.

Notable people

  • Horace Abbott, iron manufacturer
  • George Hunt Barton, geologist, arctic explorer, and college professor. Founding president of the Boston Children's Museum
  • Edith Nason Buckingham, zoologist, dog breeder, chicken farmer
  • Sarah Cloyce, Salem witch trials survivor; relocated to Sudbury after permanently leaving Salem
  • Ralph Adams Cram, architect, resided in Sudbury on Concord Road and built his family a private chapel which is now owned and operated by Saint Elizabeth's Episcopal Church
  • Coco Crisp, lived here during some of his time with the Boston Red Sox
  • Matthew B. J. Delaney, author
  • Dennis Eckersley, baseball Hall of Famer, lived on Morse Road before his years with the Boston Red Sox and on Plympton Road during and after his years with the Red Sox
  • Chris Evans, actor
  • Scott Evans, actor
  • Henry Ford, founder of the Ford Motor Company, lived in Sudbury during parts of the 1920s and 1930s
  • Mike Gordon, bassist for Phish
  • Robert L. Gordon III, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
  • Michelle Gorgone, Olympic snowboarder
  • Edward Hallowell, psychiatrist, author, and specialist on ADD/ADHD
  • Eddie House, NBA champion with the Boston Celtics
  • Stephen Huneck, artist and writer
  • Tyler Jewell, Olympic snowboarder
  • Michael Kolowich, documentary filmmaker and technology entrepreneur
  • William K. Lietzau Director of the US Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency
  • Tony Massarotti, sports reporter for The Boston Globe
  • John Nixon, General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution
  • Shaquille O'Neal, four-time NBA champion, 2000 NBA MVP, fifteen-time NBA All-Star, rapper, actor, and current Inside the NBA analyst lived in Sudbury for a brief time
  • Samuel Parris, Salem Witch Trials judge and Puritan minister, later preached in Wayland, which was then a part of Sudbury
  • Paula Poundstone, comedian, grew up in Sudbury
  • Edmund Rice, co-founder and early resident of the town from 1638–1656
  • Ashley Richardson (also known as Ashley Montana), model
  • Babe Ruth, baseball Hall of Famer. While with the Red Sox, he and his wife rented a small house next to Willis Pond, Sudbury, for the 1917–1918 off-season
  • Matt Savage, musician
  • Simon Shnapir, Olympic medalist pair skater
  • Fred Smerlas, five-time NFL Pro Bowler
  • Jarrod Shoemaker, Olympian and Triathlete
  • Jeremy Strong, actor and Emmy winner for his role on Succession
  • Callie Thorne, actress (Rescue Me)

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Sudbury (Massachusetts) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Contemporary Hispanic artists
Firelei Báez
Coco Fusco
Diana Guerrero-Maciá
Harmonia Rosales
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