kids encyclopedia robot

Sudbury, Massachusetts facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Sudbury, Massachusetts
Wayside Inn
Official seal of Sudbury, Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1638
Incorporated 1639
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Total 24.6 sq mi (63.8 km2)
 • Land 24.4 sq mi (63.1 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
190 ft (58 m)
 • Total 17,659
 • Density 717.8/sq mi (276.79/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-68260
GNIS feature ID 0618237

Sudbury is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, it had a population of 17,659. The town, located in Boston's MetroWest, has a rich colonial history.


The town was incorporated in 1639. At that time, the boundaries of Sudbury included (by 1653) all what is now of Wayland (which split off in 1780), and parts of Framingham, Marlborough, Stow and Maynard (Maynard split off 1871). The Sudbury Center Historic District has changed little since 1800.

Sudbury also contributed the most militia during King Philip's War and was the site of a native raid. Ephraim Curtis was a successful leader of the militia of West Sudbury and would lend his name to the town's junior high school. Sudbury militia participated in the Battle of Lexington and Concord, in 1775, where Sudbury members sniped on British Red Coats returning to Boston.

One of Sudbury's historic landmarks, the Wayside Inn, claims to be the country's oldest operating inn, built and run by the Howe family for many generations. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote Tales of a Wayside Inn, a book of poems published in 1863. In the book, the poem The Landlord's Tale was the source of the immortal phrase "listen my children and you shall hear, of the midnight ride of Paul Revere." Henry Ford bought the inn in 1923, restored it and donated it to a charitable foundation which continues to run it as an operating inn to this day. Ford also built a boys' school on the property, as well as a grist mill, and the Martha–Mary Chapel. He brought in the Redstone Schoolhouse from Sterling, which was reputed to be the school in Sarah Josepha Hale's nursery rhyme Mary Had a Little Lamb. However, Giuseppi Cavicchio's refusal to sell his water rights scuttled Henry Ford's plans to build an auto parts factory at the site of Charles O. Parmenter's mill in South Sudbury.

In the period after World War II, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon became a major employer after opening a large research facility in Sudbury in 1958. Another major employer in that period was Sperry Rand. In the 1970s, the town was home to many of the engineers working in the minicomputer revolution at Digital Equipment Corporation in nearby Maynard. Sudbury was also one of the largest carnation-growing towns, with many greenhouse operations.

Residentially, Sudbury's 1-acre (4,000 m2) zoning bylaws helped the town maintain a more rural character through the 1970s and 1980s, when developments of single-family Colonials and large Capes established it as an affluent location. Commercial growth was restricted to the town's main thoroughfare, US Route 20, and significant tracts of open space—including much wetland—were preserved in the northern half of town. As subdivisions of large homes continued to be constructed well into the 1990s, Sudbury became one of the wealthiest towns in Massachusetts.

Contrary to local legend, the town's ZIP code of 01776 was not specially assigned in recognition of the town's historical connections to the Revolutionary War, according to the Sudbury Historical Society.


Sudbury Signpost
An antique granite road marker along Route 27 in the town's center
Sudbury in 1856 from Walling's
Sudbury in 1856

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (64 km2), of which 24.4 square miles (63 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 1.06%, is water. The highest point in Sudbury is on the north slope of Nobscot Hill, and the highest summit is Tippling Rock, which commands a great view of the west of Boston and the tops of the Hancock and Prudential buildings in downtown.

Sudbury is bordered by Wayland (the Sudbury River) on the east; Framingham on the south; Hudson, Maynard, Marlborough, and Stow on the west; Concord on the northeast; and Acton on the north. A larger town, Sudbury also shares a common corner with Lincoln, with which it shares a regional high school, Lincoln-Sudbury High School. Sudbury is 20 miles (32 km) west of Boston, 26 miles (42 km) east of Worcester, and 194 miles (312 km) from New York City.

The area of original town of Sudbury in 1650 included most of the area within the present towns of Wayland and Maynard and all of the area within the present town of Sudbury.

Adjacent towns

Sudbury is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by several towns:


See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1790 1,290 —    
1800 1,303 +1.0%
1810 1,287 −1.2%
1820 1,417 +10.1%
1830 1,423 +0.4%
1840 1,422 −0.1%
1850 1,578 +11.0%
1860 1,691 +7.2%
1870 2,091 +23.7%
1880 1,178 −43.7%
1890 1,197 +1.6%
1900 1,150 −3.9%
1910 1,120 −2.6%
1920 1,121 +0.1%
1930 1,182 +5.4%
1940 1,754 +48.4%
1950 2,596 +48.0%
1960 7,447 +186.9%
1970 13,506 +81.4%
1980 14,027 +3.9%
1990 14,358 +2.4%
2000 16,841 +17.3%
2010 17,659 +4.9%
* population 1850–2010
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data. * population 1790–1840 Source: Map Of Massachusetts

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,841 people, 5,504 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density was 691.1 people per square mile (266.8/km²). There were 5,590 housing units at an average density of 229.4 per square mile (88.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.23% Caucasian, 0.80% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population. An update in the town's census recorded the population at 18,192 as of 6/10/2015.

There were 5,504 households out of which 51.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% were non-families. 11.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the town, the population was spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $151,041, and the median income for a family is $222,008. Males had a median income of $148,593 versus $47,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $75,865. About 2.1% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

The median home price is $759,405.

Sudbury was ranked in 2005 as the best town in Massachusetts in which to raise a family.

Places of worship

2004-08-14 - 01 - Sudbury
Sudbury's First Parish Church
2004-08-14 - 03 - Sudbury
The town's Presbyterian Church
  • First Baptist Church of Sudbury
  • Congregation B'nai Torah, Jewish
  • Congregation Beth El of the Sudbury River Valley], Jewish
  • Chabad Center of Sudbury], Jewish
  • First Parish of Sudbury. Gathered in 1640, and moved to the present site in 1723. The historic meeting house (second on the site) was built in 1797. First Parish became Unitarian in 1837 and is now Unitarian Universalist.
  • Memorial Congregational Church, member of the United Church of Christ. An Open and Affirming Congregation.
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Roman Catholic
  • Presbyterian Church in Sudbury
  • Saint Elizabeth's Episcopal Church
  • St. Anselm Rectorate, Roman Catholic
  • St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • Sudbury United Methodist Church
kids search engine
Sudbury, Massachusetts Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.