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Adolf Anderssen
Full name Adolf Anderssen
Country  Germany
Born (1818-07-06)July 6, 1818
Breslau, now Wrocław, Poland
Died March 13, 1879(1879-03-13) (aged 60)
World Champion 1851–1858, 1860–1866, 1868–1871 (unofficial)

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (Breslau, 6 July 1818 – Breslau, 13 March 1879) was a German chess master, and a teacher of mathematics. He was recognised as the best player in the world for much of the time between 1851 and 1870.

He won three great international tournaments: the first in London 1851, then London 1862 and Baden-Baden 1870. Anderssen was somewhat less good in matches, and lost in 1858 to Paul Morphy and, narrowly, to Steinitz in 1866.

Anderssen became the most successful tournament player in Europe, winning over half the events he entered—including the Baden-Baden 1870 tournament, which is comparable to modern strong GM tournaments. His last success was at Leipzig in 1877 where he came second equal with Zukertort, behind Paulsen. He was then nearly 60.

He is still famous for his brilliant sacrificial attacking play, particularly in the 'Immortal Game' (1851) and the 'Evergreen Game' (1852).

He was also one of the most likeable of chess masters and became an elder statesman of the game, to whom others turned for advice or to settle disputes. Anderssen lived a quiet, stable, responsible, respectable middle-class life. His career was teaching mathematics, while his hobby and passion was playing chess.

When Anderssen was nine years old, his father taught him how to play chess. Anderssen said that as a boy, he learned the strategy of the game from a copy of William Lewis' book Fifty Games between Labourdonnais and McDonnell (1835)

Anderssen died on March 13, 1879, in his hometown, the cause of death was a heart attack. Bombing raids during World War II damaged his grave in Breslau. After the war, the city became part of Poland and is now known under its Polish name Wrocław.

In 1957, the Polish Chess Federation decided to re-bury Anderssen in a new grave at the Osobowicki Cemetery.

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