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Agency, Iowa
Location of Agency, Iowa
Location of Agency, Iowa
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Wapello
Government
 • Type Mayor/Council
Area
 • Total 0.57 sq mi (1.47 km2)
 • Land 0.57 sq mi (1.47 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
810 ft (247 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 620
 • Density 1,095.41/sq mi (423.12/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
52530
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-00640
GNIS feature ID 0454105

Agency is a city in Wapello County, Iowa, United States. The population was 620 at the 2020 census. It is the historic site of an Indian trading post and the grave of Chief Wapello.

History

An Indian agency was established here in 1838 and operated until the local tribes were moved to Kansas. The town was founded on the site of the agency in 1843 and incorporated in 1859.

Agency is the resting place for Chief Wapello. Chief Wapello was second in command in the Sac and Fox tribe, just under Chief Keokuk. Chief Wapello is buried next to his good friend General Joseph M. Street, and his family. On April 11, 2001, an F2 tornado ripped through Agency destroying or damaging dozens of structures. Two people were killed and three others injured.

Geography

Agency is located at 40°59′44″N 92°18′27″W / 40.99556°N 92.30750°W / 40.99556; -92.30750 (40.995432, -92.307532).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.65 square miles (1.68 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1870 630 —    
1880 566 −10.2%
1890 442 −21.9%
1900 408 −7.7%
1910 322 −21.1%
1920 429 +33.2%
1930 371 −13.5%
1940 452 +21.8%
1950 524 +15.9%
1960 702 +34.0%
1970 610 −13.1%
1980 657 +7.7%
1990 616 −6.2%
2000 622 +1.0%
2010 638 +2.6%
2020 620 −2.8%
Source: and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census
AgencyIowaPopPlot
The population of Agency, Iowa from US census data

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 638 people, 277 households, and 189 families living in the city. The population density was 981.5 inhabitants per square mile (379.0/km2). There were 306 housing units at an average density of 470.8 per square mile (181.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 1.3% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 277 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.8% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.75.

The median age in the city was 44.6 years. 20.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 22.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

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