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Alexander Cools
Alexander Cools.JPG
Born September 14?, 1941
Died September 7, 2013(2013-09-07) (aged 71)
Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Alma mater Radboud University Nijmegen
Known for Research on dopamine and the basal ganglia
Awards Distinguished Achievement Award (EBPS)
Scientific career
Fields Psychoneuropharmacology
Institutions Radboud University Nijmegen
Thesis The Caudate Nucleus and Neurochemical Control of Behaviour: The Function of Dopamine and Serotonin in the Caput Nuclei Caudati of Cats (1973)
Doctoral advisor Jacques van Rossum, Jo Vossen
Influences Jacques van Rossum, Adriaan Kortlandt

Alexander Rudolf "Lex" Cools (The Hague, 1941 – Nijmegen, 7 September 2013) was a Dutch neuroscientist. He was interested in the pharmacology of behavior.

Cools got his Doctor of Philosophy in 1973 at the Radboud University Nijmegen. He was a professor in Nijmegen from 1985 until his retirement in 2006.

A special issue of the scientific journal Behavioural Pharmacology was dedicated to his memory in 2014. Cools was one of the founders of the European Behavioural Pharmacology Society. He became its second president. He received that society's Distinguished Achievement Award in 2003.

Cools was the first to propose (1976) the existence of different types of dopamine receptors. This claim is correct but was initially not believed. Cools is also known for his work on the basal ganglia.

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