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Alfred Moore Waddell
Alfred Moore Waddell - Brady-Handy.jpg
Alfred M. Waddell between 1865 and 1880
Mayor of Wilmington, North Carolina
In office
November 10, 1898  – 1906
Preceded by Silas P. Wright
Succeeded by William E. Springer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1879
Preceded by Oliver H. Dockery
Succeeded by Daniel L. Russell
Personal details
Born September 16, 1834
Hillsborough, North Carolina, U.S.
Died March 17, 1912(1912-03-17) (aged 77)
Wilmington, North Carolina, U.S.
Spouse(s) Julia Savage (1857)
Ellen Savage (1878)
Gabrielle de Rosset (1896)
Relations Hugh Waddell
Francis Nash
Alfred Moore
Children Elizabeth Savage
Alfred M. Waddell Jr.
Occupation politician, lawyer, publisher
Known for led only coup d'état on U.S. soil,
popularized the term "race riot"

Alfred Moore Waddell (September 16, 1834 – March 17, 1912) was an American politician and white supremacist. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S. representative from North Carolina between 1871 and 1879 and as mayor of Wilmington, North Carolina from 1898 to 1906.

Waddell was a leader of the Wilmington insurrection of 1898, in which a violent, coordinated mob of about 2,000 white men massacred up to 300 African-Americans, destroyed the property and businesses of African-Americans, and overthrew the elected Fusion government of the city of Wilmington, North Carolina; and Waddell became mayor of Wilmington after holding his predecessor at gunpoint and forcing him to resign. This event is considered to be the only coup d'état to have taken place on U.S. soil, and helped to initiate an era of severe racial segregation and disenfranchisement of African-Americans throughout the South.

An avowed white supremacist, Waddell is also credited with popularizing the term "race riot."

Waddell died in Wilmington in 1912.

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