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Alpine, Arizona
Alpine (center of image); Luna Lake, right center.  NASA perspective image created by joining Landsat 7 and Digital Elevation Model data.
Alpine (center of image); Luna Lake, right center. NASA perspective image created by joining Landsat 7 and Digital Elevation Model data.
Country United States
State Arizona
County Apache
Area
 • Total 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Land 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
8,012 ft (2,442 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 145
 • Density 241/sq mi (93.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
FIPS code 04-01920
GNIS Feature ID 25603

Alpine is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Apache County, Arizona, United States, in Bush Valley in the east central part of the state. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 145.

History

Alpine was settled in 1876 by Anderson Bush, who built a log house originally known as "Fort Bush". Bush sold his holdings in 1879 to William Maxwell and Fred Hamblin, Mormon settlers who established the town as a Mormon community.

Geography

Alpine is located at an elevation of 8,050 feet (2,450 m) above sea level in the eastern end of the White Mountains and surrounded by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. Alpine is a popular destination for hunting, fishing, and camping. Alpine is near the headwaters of the San Francisco River and six miles from the New Mexico border. As of 1960, it was the highest place in the United States where farming was successfully occurring.

The Alpine post office has the ZIP code of 85920.

Climate

Alpine has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) influence by its very high altitude and the North American Monsoon, which brings frequent thunder showers during the summer. Although temperatures are generally comfortable during the daytime, the sun is very intense and at night frosts have occurred even in summer and are an almost daily occurrence from October to May.

Winters are cold, with storms bringing precipitation mostly in the form of snow. Because Alpine is on the eastern end of the Mogollon Rim, it experiences a rain shadow from the White Mountains: it gets less snowfall than points west at a similar elevation.

Climate data for Alpine, Arizona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22.2)
72
(22.2)
74
(23.3)
79
(26.1)
92
(33.3)
94
(34.4)
94
(34.4)
88
(31.1)
87
(30.6)
86
(30)
77
(25)
72
(22.2)
94
(34.4)
Average high °F (°C) 44.8
(7.11)
47.6
(8.67)
52.3
(11.28)
59.7
(15.39)
67.6
(19.78)
77.5
(25.28)
78.4
(25.78)
75.3
(24.06)
71.2
(21.78)
62.6
(17)
52.6
(11.44)
46.2
(7.89)
61.3
(16.28)
Average low °F (°C) 13.4
(-10.33)
16.7
(-8.5)
20.8
(-6.22)
24.4
(-4.22)
29.7
(-1.28)
36.5
(2.5)
44.7
(7.06)
43.9
(6.61)
37.4
(3)
27.9
(-2.28)
19.7
(-6.83)
14.2
(-9.89)
27.4
(-2.56)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(-35.6)
−28
(-33.3)
−25
(-31.7)
−6
(-21.1)
8
(-13.3)
13
(-10.6)
27
(-2.8)
29
(-1.7)
17
(-8.3)
−1
(-18.3)
−18
(-27.8)
−28
(-33.3)
−32
(-35.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.35
(34.3)
1.29
(32.8)
1.30
(33)
0.63
(16)
0.75
(19.1)
0.86
(21.8)
3.43
(87.1)
4.47
(113.5)
2.41
(61.2)
2.38
(60.5)
1.44
(36.6)
1.35
(34.3)
21.66
(550.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.4
(18.8)
6.8
(17.3)
5.8
(14.7)
1.4
(3.6)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
4.0
(10.2)
5.8
(14.7)
32.8
(83.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 6.2 6.2 6.7 4.7 4.9 5.3 16.5 17.4 9.7 6.8 4.5 5.1 94
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.4 1.9 11.6
Source: NOAA

Attractions

A087, Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, Alpine, Arizona, USA, 2004
Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, south of Alpine
  • Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest
  • The Coronado Trail Scenic Byway, a 120-mile (190 km) segment along U.S. Route 191 (formerly US-666) between Springerville and Clifton, Arizona
  • Escudilla Mountain (10,877 ft or 3,315 m), a pine and aspen-covered mesa, popular for hiking, horseback-riding, and viewing fall colors
  • Luna Lake, 3 miles (5 km) southeast, a popular fishing and camping spot
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