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Alun Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont facts for kids

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The Lord Chalfont
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F021984-0013, Auswärtiges Amt, Staatsminister Großbritannien.jpg
Chalfont during a visit to West Germany in 1966
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
23 October 1964 – 19 June 1970
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Peter Thomas
Succeeded by Joseph Godber
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
11 November 1964 – 10 November 2015
Life peerage
Personal details
Alun Arthur Gwynne Jones

(1919-12-05)5 December 1919
Monmouthshire, Wales
Died 10 January 2020(2020-01-10) (aged 100)
Nationality British
Political party Labour
Occupation Politician
Lord Provest
Military career
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1939–1961
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Service number 156400
Unit South Wales Borderers
Awards Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross
Efficiency Medal

Alun Arthur Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont, OBE, MC, PC (5 December 1919 – 10 January 2020) was a British Army officer, a British politician and an historian.

Early life and military career

Gwynne Jones was born in modest circumstances in Monmouthshire. He was educated at West Monmouth School, and subsequently at the School of Slavonic Studies at the University of London. Joining the South Wales Borderers when the Second World War broke out, he was commissioned a second lieutenant on 2 November 1940. From 1941 to 1944 he fought in Burma alongside the Welsh poet Alun Lewis. On 1 January 1943, he received an emergency commission in the Royal Armoured Corps as a war-substantive lieutenant, with the same rank in the South Wales Borderers from 1 April. After the war, Gwynne Jones remained in the Army, receiving a substantive lieutenant's commission in the South Wales Borderers on 24 August 1946 (with seniority from 5 June 1942), and was promoted to captain on 5 December. He was awarded the Efficiency Medal in October 1950. Promoted to major on 5 December 1953, Gwynne Jones took part in a series of anti-terrorist campaigns, and was decorated with the Military Cross (MC) in August 1957 for commanding a company which fought in the Malaysian jungles during the Malayan Emergency, after his involvement in a series of ambushes against communist insurgents. Gwynne Jones later stated, "I was lucky enough to carry out some successful ones."

Gwynne Jones was brevetted to lieutenant-colonel on 1 July 1960, and was decorated as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1961 Birthday Honours. He retired from the army on 30 June 1961 with the honorary rank of lieutenant-colonel.

Political life

Entering politics, he was a minister in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1964 to 1970 and from 1964 was appointed to the Privy Council.

He was created Baron Chalfont, of Llantarnam in the County of Monmouthshire on 11 November 1964. Following the death of Lord Shawcross in 2003, his life peerage was the most senior extant, and Lord Chalfont was placed higher in the order of precedence than four hereditary barons whose inherited titles were created after his.

On 27 March 1967, in the House of Lords, Chalfont became the spokesman for Harold Wilson's Labour Party Government's attempt to divest Britain of the Falkland Islands. In November 1968 Chalfont travelled to the Falklands to canvas the people, and try to persuade them of the merit of becoming Argentine citizens. He was sent away in no doubt that the islanders wished to remain British, but, on his return to Britain, he reported, "I do not believe that the Falkland Islands can continue to exist for many years, as they are presently constituted. I believe one day that the Falkland Islands may be prepared to choose Argentine sovereignty. We must at all costs avoid giving the impression that we want to get rid of them, since that would set up precisely the reaction we would want to avoid."

Chalfont resigned from the Labour Party in the early 1970s. He declared his resignation a "decision of personal and political principle". In October 1974, just after Labour won a second general election that year, he stated in an interview with the BBC journalist Robin Day: "I had hoped for a realignment of the politics of the radical left in this country and I believed when I left the Labour Party that a great success by the Liberal Party in this election could have helped that forward." In 1979 Lord Chalfont was one of a group of ex-Labour politicians who defected to support the Conservatives and Margaret Thatcher at the general election.

Chalfont was the author of several military history books on subjects including the Napoleonic Wars.

He contributed an article on The Strategic Defence Initiative to the Conservative Monday Club's October 1985 Conservative Party Conference issue of their newspaper, Right Ahead.

Chalfont is a former chairman of the Radio Authority which regulated commercial radio in the UK until its role was absorbed by Ofcom. He set up the Institute for the Study of Terrorism with Jillian Becker in 1985.

Lord Chalfont retired from the House of Lords on 10 November 2015.

Personal life

In 1948 Gwynne Jones married Mona Mitchell (who died on 31 May 2008), the daughter of Harry Douglas Mitchell, and together they had one child, a daughter. He turned 100 on 5 December 2019 and died the following month, on 10 January 2020.


See also

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