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Andrew Jackson Caldwell
Andrew Jackson Caldwell (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
From the August 8, 1886 edition of The Daily American (Nashville, TN).
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887
Preceded by John Ford House
Succeeded by Joseph E. Washington
Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born July 22, 1837 (1837-07-22)
Montevallo, Alabama
Died November 22, 1906 (1906-11-23) (aged 69)
Nashville, Tennessee
Citizenship  United States
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Martha Hinton Phillips Caldwell
Children Robert Caldwell

Maggie May Caldwell

Samuel Shackleford Caldwell

Andrew Jackson Caldwell

Roberta Caldwell Allen

Whorter Young Caldwell

May Phillip Caldwell
Alma mater Franklin College, Tennessee
Profession Attorney planter
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Branch/service  Confederate States of America Army
Rank Confederate States of America Major.png Major
Unit Tennessee 1st Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Andrew Jackson Caldwell (July 22, 1837 – November 22, 1906) was a U.S. Representative from Tennessee.


Andrew Jackson Caldwell was born in Montevallo, Alabama on July 22, 1837. He moved with his parents to Tennessee in 1844, settling near Nashville. He graduated from Franklin College, Tennessee, in 1854, and worked as a teacher in Nashville from 1854 to 1857. He then moved to Trenton to study law.


During the Civil War, Caldwell served in the Confederate States Army as a private and regimental quartermaster in the First Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry. After the war, he resumed his law studies and was admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1867. He returned to Nashville, to open a practice in law. He became attorney general for the district of Davidson and Rutherford Counties, Tennessee, serving in this capacity from 1870 to 1878. He also served as a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1880 and 1882.

Caldwell was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887). He was not a candidate for reelection to the Fiftieth Congress, and resumed the practice of law.


Andrew Jackson Caldwell died in Nashville on November 22, 1906, (age 69 years, 123 days), and is interred at Mount Olivet Cemetery.

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