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Annis Mound and Village Site
15 BT 2, l5 BT 20, and 15 BT 21
Annis Mound & Village illustration HRoe 2019 350px.jpg
Artists conception of the Annis Mound and Village Site circa 1250-1300 CE
Annis Mound and Village Site is located in Kentucky
Annis Mound and Village Site
Location in Kentucky
Location Butler County, Kentucky USA
Region Western Coal Field
Coordinates 37°17′23.42″N 86°45′10.4″W / 37.2898389°N 86.752889°W / 37.2898389; -86.752889
Founded 800 CE
Abandoned 1300 CE
Cultures Middle Mississippian culture
Site notes
Excavation dates 1916, 1939-1940, 2002-2004
Archaeologists Clarence Bloomfield Moore, William Snyder Webb, Scott W Hammerstedt
Architectural styles platform mound, palisade
Architectural details Number of temples: 1
Annis Mound and Village Site
NRHP reference No. 85003182
Added to NRHP December 21, 1985

The Annis Mound and Village Site (15BT2, l5BT20, and 15BT21) is a prehistoric Middle Mississippian culture archaeological site located on the bank of the Green River in Butler County, Kentucky, several miles northeast of Morgantown in the Big Bend region. It was occupied from about 800 CE to about 1300 CE.

Annis Village Site
Annis Village site

The site consisted of a platform mound (15 BT 2) measuring 33.5 metres (110 ft) square by 3.7 metres (12 ft) in height with special use structures at its summit. It was surrounded by the village area (15 BT 20) which was situated north of the generally east to west course of the Green River at the sites location. The village featured domestic structures and several sequential iterations of an encircling defensive palisade of upright tree trunks. The palisade was built three different times in the site's history; each one larger than its predecessor and encircling an expanded village area. A bastion was discovered in the northwest corner of the last version of the palisade. Agriculture was based on the cultivation of maize as a staple of the diet. Ceramics found at the site were typical Mississippian culture pottery; although a few sherds of high status pottery from the Cahokia site were discovered during excavations of the platform mound summit structure.

The site also features a 1 metre (3.3 ft) in height 30 metres (98 ft) by 35 metres (115 ft) circular feature known as the Annis Sand Mound (15 BT 21) that dates from the Archaic period. This feature lies directly north of the village area and outside of the area encompassed by the palisade.

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