kids encyclopedia robot

António Mascarenhas Monteiro facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
António Mascarenhas Monteiro
António Mascarenhas Monteiro VOA.jpg
António Mascarenhas Monteiro (2014)
2nd President of Cape Verde
In office
22 March 1991 – 22 March 2001
Prime Minister Carlos Veiga
Preceded by Aristides Pereira
Succeeded by Pedro Pires
Personal details
António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro

(1944-02-16)16 February 1944
Ribeira da Barca, Portuguese Overseas Province of Cabo Verde
Died 16 September 2016(2016-09-16) (aged 72)
Praia, Cabo Verde
Spouse Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro (1966–2009; her death)
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven

António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu mɐnuˈɛl mɐʃkɐˈɾeɲɐʒ ˈɡomɨʒ mõˈtejɾu]; 16 February 1944 – 16 September 2016) was the first democratically elected President of Cape Verde from 22 March 1991 to 22 March 2001.

Early life and education

Born in Ribeira da Barca in 1944, Monteiro went to university in Belgium and graduated with his law degree from the Catholic University of Leuven.

Political career

During the PAICV's single-party government, Monteiro served in various high level positions. He was the Secretary-General of the National Assembly from 1977 to 1980 and President of the Supreme Court of Justice from 1980 to 1990.

Presidency of Cape Verde

Affiliated with the Movement for Democracy, he was the first president elected in a multi-party election in the country, defeating Aristides Pereira in the February 1991 presidential election.

In February 1995, he awarded one of the archipelago's greatest writer during the colonial era Eugénio Tavares the Medal of the Ordem do Vulcão.

He was re-elected without opposition in 1996, receiving 80% of the vote. After serving two five year terms, he stepped down in 2001; in the 2001 election, Movement for Democracy candidate Carlos Veiga, who had served as Prime Minister under Monteiro, was defeated by Pedro Pires of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).

Memberships and awards


Year Country Order
1991  Portugal PRT Order of Liberty - Grand Cross BAR.svg Grand Collar Order of Liberty
 Senegal SEN Order of the Lion - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross, National Order of the Lion
 Cuba Ribbon jose marti.png Order of José Martí

Global Leadership Foundation

Monteiro was a Member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today's national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with Heads of Government on governance-related issues of concern to them.

Personal life

Monteiro's wife, Antonina Mascarenhas Monteiro, known widely as Tuna Mascarenhas, the former First Lady of Cape Verde, died in Praia on September 9, 2009, at the age of 65. He had three children, Marisa, Gamal and Liliana.

Monteiro died on September 16, 2016, at the age of 72, from kidney cancer and was buried in the cemetery in the city of Assomada on September 18.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: António Mascarenhas Monteiro para niños

kids search engine
António Mascarenhas Monteiro Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.