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Archer Mathews
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the Greenbrier district
In office
Preceded by John Stuart
Succeeded by James Reid
Personal details
Born 1744
Augusta County, Virginia
Died c.1790
Lewisburg, West Virginia
Spouse(s) Letitia McLanahan
Relations Mathews family
Occupation Saddler
Military service
Branch/service Virginia militia
Battles/wars American Revolution

Archer Mathews (1744 – c. 1796) was a United States pioneer, legislator, and city founder in the colony (and later U.S. state) of Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Greenbrier County from 1780 to 1782.


Archer Mathews was born in 1744 in Augusta County, Virginia, to Ann (Archer) and John Mathews. His parents were among the first European settlers of Augusta County, likely having immigrated to America during the Scotch-Irish immigration of 1710–1775. His father was a notable member of the early Augusta County community, serving as a militia captain and public officer. Archer Mathews was the youngest of eleven siblings, and was a minor when his father died in 1757. He sold the land bequeathed him to a brother in 1768, and moved to the new frontier of Greenbrier County, where his brothers Sampson and George Mathews had established the area's first European trade network. He married Letitia McLanahan and had seven children.

In Greenbrier County, Mathews was saddler, and served as one of county's first magistrates, overseeing road construction, surveying the land, and holding court. On the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Mathews served as commissary for Fort Randolph, an American outpost erected in 1776 for defense against Indian raiding. Mathews purchased a large drove of cattle and hogs for the fort in November 1776 and delivered it through territory under regular attack from Indians. Mathews was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates from Greenbrier County for the sessions of 1780–81 and 1781–82. During the latter session he was appointed one of eight original trustees of the city of Lewisburg, Virginia (now West Virginia) on its formation, and as such he worked to develop the city and partition its land into plots to be sold. One such plot was bought by a nephew, Joseph Mathews, who was the grandfather of 5th West Virginia governor Henry Mason Mathews.

Archer Mathews died c. 1790, and was buried at the Old Stone Church in Lewisburg, West Virginia.

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