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Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez
Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez in Berlin, July 2018
Arnaldo Tamayo Signature.svg
Intercosmos Research Cosmonaut
Nationality Cuban
Status Retired
Born 29 January 1942 (1942-01-29) (age 79)
Guantánamo, Cuba
Other occupation Pilot
Rank Brigadier General
Time in space 7d 20h 43m
Selection 1978 Intercosmos Group
Missions Soyuz 38
Mission insignia Soyuz38 patch.png
Awards Hero of the Republic of Cuba
Hero of the Soviet Union

Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez (born January 29, 1942) is a Cuban military officer, legislator, and former cosmonaut. He was the first person of African heritage in space.

As a member of the crew of Soyuz 38, he became the first Cuban citizen, the first Latin American, and the first person from a country in the Western Hemisphere other than the United States to travel into Earth orbit.

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