Sucrose facts for kids
|Other names||Sugar, Saccharose|
|Molar mass||342.29648 g/mol|
|Density and phase||1.587 g/cm³, solid|
|Solubility in water||211.5 g/100 ml (25°C)|
|Melting point||186°C (459.15 K)|
|Chiral rotation [α]D||+66.47°|
|Crystal structure||monoclinic hemihedral|
|Dipole moment||? D|
|R/S statement||R: ?
|Supplementary data page|
|n, εr, etc.|
Solid, liquid, gas
|Spectral data||UV, IR, NMR, MS|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
|Solubility of Pure Sucrose|
|Temperature(C)||g sucrose/g water|
Sucrose (common name: table sugar, also called saccharose) is a disaccharide (glucose + fructose) with the molecular formula C12H22O11. Its systematic name is α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranose. It is best known for its role in human nutrition and is formed by plants but not by higher organisms.
Physical and chemical properties
Pure sucrose is most often prepared as a fine, white, odorless crystalline powder with a pleasing, sweet taste.
Images for kids
A sugarloaf was a traditional form for sugar from the 17th to 19th centuries. Sugar nips were required to break off pieces.
A table sugar factory in England. The tall diffusers are visible to the middle left where the harvest transforms into a sugar syrup. The boiler and furnace are in the center, where table sugar crystals form. An expressway for transport is visible in the lower left.
Sucrose Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.