Arrondissements of the Charente-Maritime department facts for kids

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The 5 arrondissements of Charente-Maritime

There are 5 arrondissements in the Charente-Maritime department. The French departments, and in other countries, are divided into arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts (in some cases, as boroughs). The capital of an arrondissement is called a subprefecture.

If the prefecture (capital) of the department is in an arrondissement, that prefecture is the capital of the arrondissement, acting both as a prefecture and as a subprefecture.

Arrondissements are further divided into communes.

The 5 arrondissements of Charente-Maritime are:

  1. Arrondissement of Jonzac, (subprefecture of the Charente-Maritime department: Jonzac), with 112 communes.
  2. Arrondissement of Rochefort, (subprefecture of the Charente-Maritime department: Rochefort), with 79 communes.
  3. Arrondissement of La Rochelle, (prefecture of the Charente-Maritime department: La Rochelle), with 57 communes.
  4. Arrondissement of Saintes, (subprefecture of the Charente-Maritime department: Saintes), with 107 communes.
  5. Arrondissement of Saint-Jean-d'Angély, (subprefecture of the Charente-Maritime department: Saint-Jean-d'Angély), with 114 communes.

History

Since its creation, the Charente-Maritime department has had some changes:

  • 1790 : creation of the department, with the name Charente-Inférieure (changed in 1941 to the present Charente-Maritime), with seven districts: Marennes, Montlieu, Pons, Rochefort, La Rochelle, Saintes and Saint-Jean-d'Angély. The capital of the department Saintes alternating with La Rochelle and Saint-Jean-d'Angély but soon was changed and Saintes was kept as the only capital.
  • 1800 : creation of the arrondissements: Jonzac, Marennes, Rochefort, La Rochelle, Saintes and Saint-Jean-d'Angély. Montlieu and Pons were left out but Jonzac was created.
  • 1926 : the arrondissements of Marennes and Saint-Jean-d'Angély were eliminated.
  • 1943 : the Saint-Jean-d'Angély was made again an arrondissement.

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