Charente-Maritime facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Charente-Maritime department, in La Rochelle
Location of Charente-Maritime in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||6,863.8 km2 (2,650.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||92.2837/km2 (239.0137/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-17|
Charente-Maritime (Saintongeais: Chérente-Marine) is a department on the west coast of France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is named after the Charente river, the most important river in the department, and its position along the coast.
The department, as Charente-Inférieure ("Lower Charente" because it was in the lower part of the Charente river), is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790.
The new department had seven districts: La Rochelle, Rochefort, Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Saintes, Pons, Montlieu and Marennes. The capital (now prefecture) was Saintes alternating with La Rochelle and Saint-Jean-d'Angély but soon was changed and Saintes was kept as the only capital.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into six arrondissements: Saintes, Jonzac, Marennes, Rochefort, La Rochelle and Saint-Jean-d'Angély and 1810 the capital was moved to La Rochelle.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Marennes and Saint-Jean-d'Angély were eliminated. In 1943, Saint-Jean-d'Angély was made again an arrondissement.
On 4 Septembre 1941, the name of the department was changed from Charente-Inférieure to the present name of Charente-Maritime.
The main rivers are the Charente and its tributaries, the Boutonne and the Seugne, along with the Sèvre Niortaise, the Seudre, and the Garonne, in its downstream part, which is the estuary of the Gironde.
The department includes the islands of:
- Île de Ré
- Île d'Aix
- Île d'Oléron, the largest island of Metropolitan France; it is 30 km (19 mi) long and 8 km (5 mi) wide, with an area of 174.39 km2 (67 sq mi)
- Île Madame, the smallest of the four islands.
The climate of La Rochelle is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in La Rochelle is 685.8 mm (27.0 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 83.8 mm (3.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).
The average temperature for the year in La Rochelle is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.0 °C (68.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.1 °C (43.0 °F).
|173||La Rochelle||La Rochelle||207,697||817.7||254.0||57|
The following is a list of the 27 cantons of the Charente-Maritime department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Île d'Oléron
- Île de Ré
- La Jarrie
- La Rochelle-1
- La Rochelle-2
- La Rochelle-3
- Saintonge Estuaire
- La Tremblade
- Les Trois Monts
The inhabitants of Charente-Maritime are known, in French, as Charentais maritimes (women: Charentaises maritimes).
Charente-Maritime has a population, in 2013, of 633,417, for a population density of 92.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Rochelle, with 207,697 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other four, Rochefort, Saintes, Jonzac and Saint-Jean-d'Angély, have respectively 187,083, 128,259, 56,884 and 53,494 inhabitants.
The city with more people living in it is La Rochelle (74,344).
The 10 main cities in the department are:
|La Rochelle||74,344||La Rochelle|
Images for kids
Sunset in Meschers-sur-Gironde in the Charente Maritime 
Charente-Maritime Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.