Île d'Oléron facts for kids

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Île d'Oléron
Île d'Oleron.png
Aerial photograph of Oléron
Geography
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 45°54′N 1°18′W / 45.9°N 1.3°W / 45.9; -1.3Coordinates: 45°54′N 1°18′W / 45.9°N 1.3°W / 45.9; -1.3
Archipelago Archipel charentais
Area 175 km2 (68 sq mi)
Length 34 km (21 mi)
Width 15 km (9.3 mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Highest point Grande dune de Saint-Trojan
Country
France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Rochefort
Largest city Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron (pop. 6,637)
Demographics
Demonym Oléronais(e)
Population &&&&&&&&&&021906.&&&&&021,906 (as of 1 January 2013)
Density 125.9/km2 (326/sq mi)
Ethnic groups French people

Île d'Oléron (pronounced: [il doleʁɔ̃]) is an island and canton in the Atlantic coast of France (to the west of Rochefort). It is the second largest island of Metropolitan France, after Corsica. The capital, and largest town, is Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron; it is in the centre of the island.

Since 1966, there is a bridge that connects the island with mainland.

Geography

Île d'Oléron
Map of Oléron

The Île d'Oléron is on the southern side of the Pertuis d'Antioche strait.

The island is 34 kilometres (21.1 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) wide; it has an area of 175 square kilometres (67.6 sq mi). It is a very flat island and its highest point, the Grande dune de Saint-Trojan dune in the southern part of the island, is only 34 metres (111.5 ft) high.

The southern point of the island is Pointe de Gatseau, the northern one is Pointe de Chassiron and the eastern one is Pointe des Saumonards. Near this last point is the Fort Boyard, a fortification in the Pertuis d'Antioche that is used for the French TV show of the same name.

Climate

The climate in Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is 777.2 mm (30.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 88.9 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Saint-Denis-d'Oléron is 13.5 °C (56.3 °F). The warmest month, on average, is August with an average temperature of 20.0 °C (68.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 7.3 °C (45.1 °F).

Administration

StGeorges Oleron eglise
Saint-Georges-d'Oléron church

Administratively, the island belongs to the Charente-Maritime department, arrondissement of Rochefort, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

The island was divided in two cantons: Canton du Château-d'Oléron and Canton de Saint-Pierre-d'Oléron, with 4 communes each. In 27 February 2014, the number of cantons was reduced and the two cantons of the island were combined to form only one: the Canton de l'Île d'Oléron, divided in 8 communes.

Population

The inhabitants of Île d'Oléron are known, in French, as Oléronais (women: Oléronaises).

Île d'Oléron has a population, in 2013, of 21,906, for a population density of 125.2 inhabitants/km2.

The eight communes of the island and their populations (2013) are:

INSEE
code
Commune Population
(2013)
17486 La Brée-les-Bains &&&&&&&&&&&&0718.&&&&&0718
17093 Le Château-d'Oléron &&&&&&&&&&&04005.&&&&&04,005
17140 Dolus-d'Oléron &&&&&&&&&&&03230.&&&&&03,230
17485 Le Grand-Village-Plage &&&&&&&&&&&01044.&&&&&01,044
17323 Saint-Denis-d'Oléron &&&&&&&&&&&01361.&&&&&01,361
17337 Saint-Georges-d'Oléron &&&&&&&&&&&03529.&&&&&03,529
17385 Saint-Pierre d'Oléron &&&&&&&&&&&06637.&&&&&06,637
17411 Saint-Trojan-les-Bains &&&&&&&&&&&01382.&&&&&01,382

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