Deux-Sèvres facts for kids
Niort from the Sèvre Nantaise river
Location of Deux-Sèvres in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,999.4 km2 (2,316.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||62.2651/km2 (161.2658/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-79|
Deux-Sèvres is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790.
The new department had six districts: Melle, Niort, Saint-Maixent, Parthenay, Thouars and Châtillon (today Mauléon). The capital (now prefecture) was Niort alternating Saint-Maixent and Parthenay but soon only Niort was the only capital.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Melle, Niort, Parthenay and Thouars. Thouars was changed by Bressuire in 1804.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Bressuire and Melle were eliminated. On 1 June 1942, Bressuire was again an arrondissement.
The highest point of the department is Terrier de Saint-Martin, 272 m (892 ft) high, in the commune of Saint-Martin-du-Fouilloux.
The main rivers in the department are:
- Sèvre Niortaise, that flows through the southern part of the department and ends in the Atlantic Ocean.
- Sèvre Nantaise, that flows through the northern part of the department and is tributary of the Loire river.
- Thouet, that is also a tributary of the Loire.
The climate of Niort is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Niort is 647.7 mm (25.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 94 mm (3.7 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 25.4 mm (1.0 in).
The average temperature for the year in Niort is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.5 °C (41.9 °F).
The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Deux-Sèvres department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Autize-Egray (7901)
- Bressuire (7902)
- Celles-sur-Belle (7903)
- Cerizay (7904)
- Frontenay-Rohan-Rohan (7905)
- La Gâtine (7906)
- Mauléon (7907)
- Melle (7908)
- Mignon-et-Boutonne (7909)
- Niort-1 (7910)
- Niort-2 (7911)
- Niort-3 (7912)
- Parthenay (7913)
- La Plaine Niortaise (7914)
- Saint-Maixent-l'École (7915)
- Thouars (7916)
- Le Val de Thouet (7917)
The inhabitants of Deux-Sèvres are known, in French, as Deux-Sévriens (women: Deux-Sévriennes).
Deux-Sèvres has a population, in 2014, of 373,553, for a population density of 62.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Niort, with 212,425 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bressuire and Parthenay, have respectively 96,703 and 64,425 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Deux-Sèvres
The 10 main cities in the department are:
The department is still a very rural area, with a large proportion of the land of the department used for farming. Wheat and oats are the main products grown, as well as potatoes, apples, and walnuts. There are many vineyards in the north.
Deux-Sèvres Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.