Vienne facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Location of Vienne in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||6,990.4 km2 (2,699.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||61.9711/km2 (160.5045/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-86|
Vienne is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Poitou, Touraine and Berry, until the 15th century part of the Duchy of Aquitaine.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Châtellerault, Civray, Loudun, Montmorillon and Poitiers.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Civray and Loudun were eliminated.
The highest point of the department is Signal de Prun, 231 m (758 ft) high, in the commune of Adriers, in the Massif Central.
The department is bordered by 6 departments in three regions:
- Pays de la Loire region
- Centre-Val de Loire region
- Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
The main river in the department is the Vienne that gives its name to the department; it is one of the main tributary of the Loire river. The Vienne river flows through the department from north to south.
The climate of Poitiers is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Poitiers is 685.8 mm (27.0 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 76.2 mm (3.0 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).
The average temperature for the year in Poitiers is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.6 °C (67.3 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.7 °C (40.5 °F).
The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Vienne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Chasseneuil-du-Poitou (8601)
- Châtellerault-1 (8602)
- Châtellerault-2 (8603)
- Châtellerault-3 (8604)
- Chauvigny (8605)
- Civray (8606)
- Jaunay-Clan (8607)
- Loudun (8608)
- Lusignan (8609)
- Lussac-les-Châteaux (8610)
- Migné-Auxances (8611)
- Montmorillon (8612)
- Poitiers-1 (8613)
- Poitiers-2 (8614)
- Poitiers-3 (8615)
- Poitiers-4 (8616)
- Poitiers-5 (8617)
- Vivonne (8618)
- Vouneuil-sur-Vienne (8619)
The inhabitants of Vienne are known, in French, as Viennois (women: Viennoises).
Vienne has a population, in 2014, of 433,203, for a population density of 62.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Poitiers, with 246,038 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Châtellerault and Montmorillon, have respectively 112,313 and 74,852 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Vienne
The 10 main cities in the department are:
Remains of the abbey, Saint-Martin-l'Ars
Saint-Laurent church, Romagne
The old bridge of Montmorillon
Images for kids
Vienne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.