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Vienne
Department
Prefecture building of the Vienne department
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Coat of arms of Vienne
Coat of arms
Location of  Vienne in France
Location of Vienne in France
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 6,990.4 km2 (2,699.0 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 433,203
 • Density 61.9711/km2 (160.5045/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Viennois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-86
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 274
Website http://www.lavienne86.fr

Vienne is a department in southwestern France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is named after the Vienne river, the most important river in the department.

History

Vienne is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Poitou, Touraine and Berry, until the 15th century part of the Duchy of Aquitaine.

The new department had six districts: Châtellerault, Civray, Loudun, Lusignan, Montmorillon and Poitiers. The capital (now prefecture) was Poitiers.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into five arrondissements: Châtellerault, Civray, Loudun, Montmorillon and Poitiers.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Civray and Loudun were eliminated.

Geography

Vienne is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 6,990.4 km2 (2,699 sq mi).

The highest point of the department is Signal de Prun, 231 m (758 ft) high, in the commune of Adriers, in the Massif Central.

The department is bordered by 6 departments in three regions:

The main river in the department is the Vienne that gives its name to the department; it is one of the main tributary of the Loire river. The Vienne river flows through the department from north to south.

Climate

The climate of Poitiers is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Poitiers is 685.8 mm (27.0 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 76.2 mm (3.0 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Poitiers is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.6 °C (67.3 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.7 °C (40.5 °F).

Administration

The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Vienne in Poitiers. Vienne is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 274 communes (municipalities) in Vienne.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2014)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
861 Châtellerault Châtellerault 112,313 2,065.0 54.4 92
862 Montmorillon Montmorillon 74,852 2,998.8 25.0 95
863 Poitiers Poitiers 246,038 1,925.7 127.8 87

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Vienne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Chasseneuil-du-Poitou (8601)
  2. Châtellerault-1 (8602)
  3. Châtellerault-2 (8603)
  4. Châtellerault-3 (8604)
  5. Chauvigny (8605)
  6. Civray (8606)
  7. Jaunay-Clan (8607)
  8. Loudun (8608)
  9. Lusignan (8609)
  10. Lussac-les-Châteaux (8610)
  11. Migné-Auxances (8611)
  12. Montmorillon (8612)
  13. Poitiers-1 (8613)
  14. Poitiers-2 (8614)
  15. Poitiers-3 (8615)
  16. Poitiers-4 (8616)
  17. Poitiers-5 (8617)
  18. Vivonne (8618)
  19. Vouneuil-sur-Vienne (8619)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Vienne are known, in French, as Viennois (women: Viennoises).

Vienne has a population, in 2014, of 433,203, for a population density of 62.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Poitiers, with 246,038 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Châtellerault and Montmorillon, have respectively 112,313 and 74,852 inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Vienne

The 10 main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Poitiers 87,435 Poitiers
Châtellerault 31,722 Châtellerault
Buxerolles 9,956 Poitiers
Chauvigny 7,088 Montmorillon
Saint-Benoît 7,064 Poitiers
Loudun 6,740 Châtellerault
Montmorillon 6,155 Montmorillon
Jaunay-Clan 6,025 Poitiers
Migné-Auxances 5,966 Poitiers
Naintré 5,866 Châtellerault

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