Haute-Vienne facts for kids
Location of Haute-Vienne in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,520.1 km2 (2,131.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||68.0886/km2 (176.3487/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-87|
Haute-Vienne is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old province of Limousin, its southern half, and of the county of Marche, its northern half, as well as some parts of Angoumois and Poitou.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Limoges, Bellac, Rochechouart and Saint-Yrieix.
On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Saint-Yrieix was eliminated.
The department is in the nortwestern border of the Massif Central. Its altitude is 160–750 m (525–2,461 ft) high; the lowest point is in the valley of the Vienne river and the highest is in the mountains near the Vassivière lake. The highest point in the department is Puy de Crozat ( ), that is 777 m (2,549 ft) high.
The climate of Limoges is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Limoges is 726.4 mm (28.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 86.4 mm (3.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 45.7 mm (1.8 in).
The average temperature for the year in Limoges is 11.4 °C (52.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.3 °C (66.7 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.2 °C (39.6 °F).
The inhabitants of Haute-Vienne are known, in French, as Haut-Viennois (women: Haut-Viennoises).
Haute-Vienne has a population, in 2013, of 375,856, for a population density of 68.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Limoges, with 298,060 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bellac and Rochechouart, have respectively 39,845 and 37,951 inhabitants.
The city with more people living in it is Limoges (135,0980).
The 10 main cities in the department are:
Abbaye de la Règle, Limoges
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