Haute-Vienne facts for kids

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Haute-Vienne
Department
Prefecture building of the Haute-Vienne department, in Limoges
Prefecture building of the Haute-Vienne department, in Limoges
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Vienne in France
Location of Haute-Vienne in France
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 5,520.1 km2 (2,131.3 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 375,856
 • Rank 63
 • Density 68.0886/km2 (176.3487/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Haut-Viennois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-87
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 200
Website www.haute-vienne.fr

Haute-Vienne (Occitan: Nauta-Viena or Nauta-Vinhana) is a department of France in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is named after the Vienne river that flows through the department.

History

Haute-Vienne is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old province of Limousin, its southern half, and of the county of Marche, its northern half, as well as some parts of Angoumois and Poitou.

The new department had six districts: Limoges, Le Dorat, Bellac, Saint-Junien, Saint-Yrieix and Saint-Léonard. The capital (now prefecture) was Limoges.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Limoges, Bellac, Rochechouart and Saint-Yrieix.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Saint-Yrieix was eliminated.

Geography

Haute-Vienne is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 5,520.1 km2 (2,131 sq mi).

The department is bordered by 6 departments: Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.

The department is in the nortwestern border of the Massif Central. Its altitude is 160–750 m (525–2,461 ft) high; the lowest point is in the valley of the Vienne river and the highest is in the mountains near the Vassivière lake. The highest point in the department is Puy de Crozat (Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found.), that is 777 m (2,549 ft) high.

The main rivers in the department are the Vienne, that gives its name to this the deparment and to Vienne, and the Gartempe, a tributary of the Creuse river.

Climate

The climate of Limoges is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Limoges is 726.4 mm (28.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 86.4 mm (3.4 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 45.7 mm (1.8 in).

The average temperature for the year in Limoges is 11.4 °C (52.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.3 °C (66.7 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.2 °C (39.6 °F).

Administration

The department is managed by the General Council of the Haute-Vienne in Limoges. Haute-Vienne is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 200 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Vienne.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
871 Bellac Bellac 39,845   1,779.9   22.4 62
872 Limoges Limoges 298,060   2,944.8   101.2 108
873 Rochechouart Rochechouart 37,951   795.4   47.7 30

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Haute-Vienne department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Aixe-sur-Vienne
  2. Ambazac
  3. Bellac
  4. Châteauponsac
  5. Condat-sur-Vienne
  6. Couzeix
  7. Eymoutiers
  8. Limoges-1
  9. Limoges-2
  10. Limoges-3
  11. Limoges-4
  12. Limoges-5
  13. Limoges-6
  14. Limoges-7
  15. Limoges-8
  16. Limoges-9
  17. Panazol
  18. Rochechouart
  19. Saint-Junien
  20. Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
  21. Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche

Demographics

The inhabitants of Haute-Vienne are known, in French, as Haut-Viennois (women: Haut-Viennoises).

Haute-Vienne has a population, in 2013, of 375,856, for a population density of 68.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Limoges, with 298,060 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bellac and Rochechouart, have respectively 39,845 and 37,951 inhabitants.

The city with more people living in it is Limoges (135,0980).

The 10 main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Limoges 135,0980 Limoges
Saint-Junien 11,301 Rochechouart
Panazol 10,560 Limoges
Couzeix 8,763 Limoges
Isle 7,523 Limoges
Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche 6,922 Limoges
Feytiat 6,139 Limoges
Le Palais-sur-Vienne 6,061 Limoges
Aixe-sur-Vienne 5,686 Limoges
Ambazac 5,617 Limoges

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