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Corrèze
Department
Prefecture building of the Corrèze department
Prefecture building of the Corrèze department, in Tulle
Flag of Corrèze
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Corrèze in France
Location of Corrèze in France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 5,856.8 km2 (2,261.3 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 241,340
 • Density 41.2068/km2 (106.7251/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Corréziens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-19
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 19
Communes 283
Website http://www.correze.fr

Corrèze (Occitan: Corresa) is a department in south-western France, named after the Corrèze river. It is in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region and its capital is the city of Tulle.

History

Corrèze is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old province of Limousin (the Bas Limousin).

The new department had four districts: Uzerche, Ussel, Tulle and Brive. The capital (now prefecture) was Tulle.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the four districts were changed into three arrondissements: Tulle, Brive and Ussel.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Ussel was eliminated but, on 6 December 1943, it became again an arrondissement.

Geography

Corrèze is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region; it is to the west of the Massif Central. It has an area of 5,856.8 km2 (2,261 sq mi).

The department is surrounded by 6 departments in 3 regions:

The highest point of the department is the Mont Bessou, 977 m (3,205 ft) high; the lowest point is in the valley of the Vézère river and is 80 m (260 ft) high.

The main rivers in the department are the Dordogne, the Vézère and the Corrèze that gives its name to the deparment.

Climate

The climate in Brive-la-Gaillarde is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The annual rainfall in Brive-la-Gaillarde is 1,186.2 mm (46.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 116.8 mm (4.6 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 78.7 mm (3.1 in).

The average temperature for the year in Brive-la-Gaillarde is 12.6 °C (54.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.9 °C (69.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5 °C (41 °F).

Climate data for Brive-la-Gaillarde, Corrèze, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11
(52)
14.6
(58.3)
17.2
(63)
20.9
(69.6)
25.0
(77)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
23.6
(74.5)
19.1
(66.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.7
(49.5)
18.14
(64.66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59)
18.6
(65.5)
20.9
(69.6)
20.3
(68.5)
17.2
(63)
13.7
(56.7)
8.5
(47.3)
5.6
(42.1)
12.57
(54.62)
Average low °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
0.7
(33.3)
2.9
(37.2)
5.4
(41.7)
9.0
(48.2)
12.2
(54)
14.3
(57.7)
13.6
(56.5)
10.7
(51.3)
8.3
(46.9)
3.9
(39)
1.4
(34.5)
6.93
(44.47)
Rainfall mm (inches) 86.7
(3.413)
79.7
(3.138)
92.0
(3.622)
94.2
(3.709)
114.8
(4.52)
101.5
(3.996)
90.0
(3.543)
91.9
(3.618)
107.2
(4.22)
115.7
(4.555)
104.5
(4.114)
109.2
(4.299)
1,187.4
(46.748)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Corrèze in Tulle. Corrèze is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 283 communes (municipalities) in Corrèze.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2014)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
191 Brive-la-Gaillarde Brive-la-Gaillarde 130,034 1,526.4 85.2 97
192 Tulle Tulle 78,408 2,564.4 30.6 106
193 Ussel Ussel 32,898 1,766.1 18.6 80

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Corrèze department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Allassac (1901)
  2. Argentat (1902)
  3. Brive-la-Gaillarde-1 (1903)
  4. Brive-la-Gaillarde-2 (1904)
  5. Brive-la-Gaillarde-3 (1905)
  6. Brive-la-Gaillarde-4 (1906)
  7. Égletons (1907)
  8. Haute-Dordogne (1908)
  9. Malemort-sur-Corrèze (1909)
  10. Midi Corrézien (1910)
  11. Naves (1911)
  12. Plateau de Millevaches (1912)
  13. Saint-Pantaléon-de-Larche (1913)
  14. Sainte-Fortunade (1914)
  15. Seilhac-Monédières (1915)
  16. Tulle (1916)
  17. Ussel (1917)
  18. Uzerche (1918)
  19. L'Yssandonnais (1919)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Corrèze are known, in French, as Corréziens (women: Corréziennes).

Corrèze has a population, in 2014, of 241,340, for a population density of 41.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Brive-la-Gaillarde, with 130,034 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Tulle and Ussel, have respectively 78,408 and 32,898 inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Corrèze

The city with more people living in it is Brive-la-Gaillarde (46,961) and not the capitalː Tulle (14,325).

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Brive-la-Gaillarde 46,961 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Tulle 14,325 Tulle
Ussel 9,772 Ussel
Malemort 7,984 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Saint-Pantaléon-de-Larche 4,778 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Égletons 4,304 Tulle
Ussac 4,060 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Allassac 3,882 Brive-la-Gaillarde
Objat 3,574 Brive-la-Gaillarde

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