Lot (department) facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Lot department, in Cahors
Location of Lot in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,216.5 km2 (2,014.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||33.2882/km2 (86.2161/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-46|
Lot is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from the old province of Quercy.
In 1808, some of the original southeastern cantons were separated from it to form the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. It originally extended much farther to the south and included the city of Montauban.
Lot is part of the Occitanie region and has an area of 5,216.5 km2 (2,014.1 sq mi).
The department borders with 6 other departments in 3 regions:
- Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
- Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
- Occitanie region
There are seven natural regions in the department:
- The Segala (northeast) occupies the eastern border of the Lot department. It is the part of the Massif Central that gets into the department and here is found the highest point of the Lot department in Labastide-du-Haut-Mont, with 783 m (2,569 ft) high.
- The Limargue (center east) separates the Segala from the Causses of Quercy. This narrow strip of land is found between the valleys of the Dordogne and Lot rivers. It is known as Terrefort around the city of Figeac.
- The Causses of Quency are several limestone plateaus crossed by the valleys of the Dordogne, Lot and Aveyron rivers. From north to south, they are the Causse of Martel, the Causse of Gramat and the Causse of Limogne.
- The Bouriane (west). This area is covered with an abundant vegetation and is very different from the near arid plateaus of the Causses.
- The Quercy Blanc (south) is formed by small white limestone plateaus along valleys where cereals, oilseeds (plants grown to produce vegetable oils), melons, plums and tobacco are grown.
- The Valley of the Lot river (south), with many vineyards and vegetable crops.
- The Valley of the Dordogne river (north), with its walnut groves and meadows.
The climate in Gourdon, in the north of the department at an altitude of 263 m (863 ft) above sea level, is an oceanic climate with relatively hot summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Gourdon is 856 mm (33.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 88.9 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 55.9 mm (2.2 in). There are an average of 168.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in January with 17.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in July with 10.0 days.
The average temperature for the year in Gourdon is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.9 °C (69.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.2 °C (41.4 °F).
The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Lot department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Causse et Bouriane
- Causse et Vallées
- Cère et Ségala
- Marches du Sud-Quercy
The inhabitants of Lot are known, in French, as Lotois (women: Lotoises).
Lot has a population, in 2014, of 173,648, for a population density of 33.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Cahors, with 76,216 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Figeac and Gourdon, have respectively 54,060 and 43,372 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Lot
The cities in the department with more of 2,000 inhabitants are:
The Lot river
Images for kids
Lot (department) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.