Aveyron facts for kids
Location of Aveyron in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||8,735.1 km2 (3,372.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||31.89935/km2 (82.6189/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-12|
Aveyron is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created with most of the territory of the old province of Rouergue; in fact, the present flag of the department was the flag of Rouergue.
The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe but, before them, the area was inhabited by people that built many prehistoric ruins including over 1,000 dolmens - more than any other department in France.
The department borders with 7 other departments:
Aveyron is in the southern half of the central plateau (Massif Central) of France. The mountainous areas (the Aubrac mountains, Palanges Levezou and Lacaune) cover little more than a third of the territory, with the highest point in Signal de Mailhe-Biau (the northwest peak, ) that is 1,463 m (4,800 ft) high and is in the region called Cazalets; the remaining two thirds are occupied by hills and plateaus (Ségala, Viadène, Lagast and Grands Causses), with a few valleys.
The main rivers of Aveyron are the Lot in the north, the Aveyron in the centre and the Tarn in the south, all tributaries of the Garonne. They flow from east to west, following the general slope of the department, and divide it into four zones.
The climate of the Aveyron is subtropical with dry-summer, Csb (Mediterranean Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.
The average temperature for the year in Millau is 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.9 °C (67.8 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C (37.8 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Millau is 731.5 mm (28.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 78.7 mm (3.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).
- Aubrac et Carladez (1201)
- Aveyron et Tarn (1202)
- Causse-Comtal (1203)
- Causses-Rougiers (1204)
- Ceor-Ségala (1205)
- Enne et Alzou (1206)
- Lot et Dourdou (1207)
- Lot et Montbazinois (1208)
- Lot et Palanges (1209)
- Lot et Truyère (1210)
- Millau-1 (1211)
- Millau-2 (1212)
- Monts du Réquistanais (1213)
- Nord-Lévezou (1214)
- Raspes et Lévezou (1215)
- Rodez-1 (1216)
- Rodez-2 (1217)
- Rodez-Onet (1218)
- Saint-Affrique (1219)
- Tarn et Causses (1220)
- Vallon (1221)
- Villefranche-de-Rouergue (1222)
- Villeneuvois et Villefranchois (1223)
The inhabitants of Aveyron are known, in French, as Aveyronnais (women: Aveyronnaises).
Aveyron has a population, in 2014, of 278,644, for a population density of 31.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Rodez, with 143,841 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Millau and Villefranche-de-Rouergue, have respectively 70,995 and 63,808 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Aude
The 10 most important cities in the department are:
Images for kids
The Millau Viaduct is the tallest bridge in the world
Aveyron Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.