Lozère facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Lozère department, in Mende
Location of Lozère in France
|• Total||5,166.9 km2 (1,995.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||14.88107/km2 (38.5418/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-48|
Lozère was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Lozère was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.
Les Sources and Hautes-Cèvennes were two other names proposed for this department but they were not accepted.
Lozère has an area of 5,166.9 km2 (1,995 sq mi). It is surrounded by 5 departments belonging to 4 regions: Cantal and Haute-Loire departments of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Ardèche department of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Gard department of the Occitanie region, and Aveyron department of the Occitanie region.
The Lozère is divided into four natural regions, covering four mountain ranges:
- The Aubrac. It is a plateau in the northwest of the department that rises between 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and 1,450 m (4,757 ft), with a cold humid climate. The highest point is Signal de Mailhebiau with 1,469 m (4,820 ft).
- The Margeride. Located in the northeast of the department, these mountains are of granite and well forested. The climate here is cold, but dryer than the climate in Aubrac. The highest point is Signal de Randon with 1,551 m (5,089 ft).
- The Cévennes, a southern part of the Massif Central and that is found in the south-east of the department. Here is the highest point in the department, Mont Lozère at 1,702 m (5,584 ft).
Three important rivers start in the department:
- The Tarn, with its source on the Mont Lozère.
- The Lot, with its source also on the Mont Lozère.
- The Allier, with its source is in the mountainous region of Margeride.
- Aumont-Aubrac (4801)
- La Canourgue (4802)
- Chirac (4803)
- Le Collet-de-Dèze (4804)
- Florac (4805)
- Grandrieu (4806)
- Langogne (4807)
- Marvejols (4808)
- Mende-1 (4809)
- Mende-2 (4810)
- Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole (4811)
- Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4812)
- Saint-Étienne-du-Valdonnez (4813)
Lozère is the least populated French department. It has a population, in 2012, of 76,889, for a population density of 14.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Mende, with 63,613 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Florac, have 13,276 inhabitants.
The only important city is Mende with 11,908 people living there in 2012. Other cities are Marvejols (4,950) and Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4,187).
The inhabitants of Lozère are known, in French, as Lozériens (women: Lozériennes).
Cathedral of Mende.
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Lozère Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.