Cantal facts for kids
Chateau of Pesteil in Polminhac, Cantal
Location of Cantal in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,726 km2 (2,211 sq mi)|
|• Density||25.6057/km2 (66.318/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-12|
Cantal is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created with part of the territory of the old province of Auvergne in south central France. It was divided in four districts: Aurillac, Mauriac, Murat and Saint-Flour; its capital in Saint-Flour, alternating with Aurillac.
In 1794, Saint-Flour became the only capital but, in 1795, the capital was moved to Aurillac.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the districts were changed into arrondissements: Aurillac, Mauriac, Murat and Saint-Flour. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Murat was eliminated.
The department borders with 3 regions and 7 other departments:
- Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
- Occitanie region
- Nouvelle-Aquitaine region
- Corrèze (west)
Cantal is in the middle half of the central plateau (Massif Central) of France where is the Mounts of Cantal mountain range, a group of extinct volcanoes. The highest point in the Cantal mountains, and in the department is Plomb du Cantal ( ) that is 1,855 m (6,086 ft) high. Other high mountains near Plomb du Cantal in the Cantal department are:
- Puy du Rocher ( ), 1,813 m (5,948 ft) high;
- Puy de Peyre Arse ( ), 1,806 m (5,925 ft) high; and
- Puy Mary ( ), 1,783 m (5,850 ft) high.
The average temperature for the year in Aurillac, at an altitude of 633 m (2,077 ft), is 10.2 °C (50.4 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.9 °C (37.2 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Aurillac is 856 mm (33.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 109.2 mm (4.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is June with an average of 45.7 mm (1.8 in).
Saint-Flour upper town.
- Arpajon-sur-Cère (1501)
- Aurillac-1 (1502)
- Aurillac-2 (1503)
- Causses-Rougiers (1504)
- Mauriac (1505)
- Maurs (1506)
- Murat (1507)
- Naucelles (1508)
- Neuvéglise (1509)
- Riom-ès-Montagnes (1510)
- Saint-Flour-1 (1511)
- Saint-Flour-2 (15012)
- Saint-Paul-des-Landes (15013)
- Vic-sur-Cère (1514)
- Ydes (1514)
The inhabitants of Cantal are known, in French, as Cantaliens (women: Cantaliennes) or Cantalous (women: Cantalouses).
Cantal has a population, in 2014, of 146,618, for a population density of 25.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Aurillac, with 82,347 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Saint-Flour and Mauriac, have respectively 38,079 and 26,192 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Cantal
The 10 most important cities in the department are:
Images for kids
Cantal Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.