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Aurillac
The church of Saint-Géraud and surrounding buildings, in Aurillac
The church of Saint-Géraud and surrounding buildings, in Aurillac
Coat of arms of Aurillac
Coat of arms
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Coordinates: 44°55′34″N 2°26′26″E / 44.9261°N 2.4406°E / 44.9261; 2.4406Coordinates: 44°55′34″N 2°26′26″E / 44.9261°N 2.4406°E / 44.9261; 2.4406
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Cantal
Arrondissement Aurillac
Canton Aurillac-1, 2 and 3
Intercommunality CA Bassin d'Aurillac
Area
1
28.76 km2 (11.10 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
27,924
 • Density 970.93/km2 (2,514.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Aurillacois
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
15014 /15000
Elevation 573–867 m (1,880–2,844 ft)
(avg. 622 m or 2,041 ft)
Website www.ville-aurillac.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Aurillac (Occitan: Orlhac) is a French commune, the prefecture of the Cantal department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Aurillac was part of the former province of Auvergne, in the region called Haute-Auvergne.

History

The name of the city comes from Latin: Aureliacum, meaning "Roman villa of Aurelius".

Geography

The city of Aurillac is at the foot of the Cantal mountains (Mounts of Cantal), in the Massif Central. The city is along the Jordanne river, a tributary of the Cère river.

It has an area of 28.8 km2 (11.1 sq mi). Its average altitude is 622 m (2,041 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 620 m (2,030 ft).

Aurillac and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Aurillac

The city of Aurillac is at 558 km (347 mi) to the southeast of Paris and at 223 km (139 mi) to the south of Toulouse. The commune of Aurillac is surrounded by the communes Crandelles, Naucelles, Saint-Simon, Giou-de-Mamou, Arpajon-sur-Cère, Roannes-Saint-Mary, Sansac-de-Marmiesse and Ytrac.

Climate

Aurillac has an oceanic climate (subtype Cfb in the Köppen climate classification) with cold winters and hot summers due to its distance from the ocean.

The average temperature for the year in Aurillac is 10.2 °C (50.4 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.9 °C (37.2 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Aurillac is 856 mm (33.7 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 109.2 mm (4.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is June with an average of 45.7 mm (1.8 in).

Climate data for Aurillac, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.9
(46.2)
11.2
(52.2)
13.7
(56.7)
17.8
(64)
21.5
(70.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.0
(75.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.0
(60.8)
10.4
(50.7)
7.5
(45.5)
15.1
(59.18)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
3.6
(38.5)
6.3
(43.3)
8.6
(47.5)
12.6
(54.7)
15.8
(60.4)
18.3
(64.9)
18.0
(64.4)
14.6
(58.3)
11.4
(52.5)
6.4
(43.5)
3.7
(38.7)
10.18
(50.33)
Average low °C (°F) -1.0
(30.2)
-0.8
(30.6)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
7.3
(45.1)
10.1
(50.2)
12.2
(54)
11.9
(53.4)
8.9
(48)
6.7
(44.1)
2.3
(36.1)
-02
(28)
5.03
(41.05)
Rainfall mm (inches) 93.3
(3.673)
76.3
(3.004)
65.5
(2.579)
64.9
(2.555)
61.3
(2.413)
45.5
(1.791)
47.4
(1.866)
49.5
(1.949)
55.4
(2.181)
91.5
(3.602)
95.8
(3.772)
109.8
(4.323)
856.2
(33.709)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Aurillac are known, in French, as Aurillacois (women: Aurillacoises).

The city of Aurillac has a population, in 2014, of 26,135; its population density is of 909 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Aurillac

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Administration

Aurillac is the prefecture of the Cantal department, the capital of the arrondissement of Aurillac and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

  1. Aurillac-1 : 2 communes with 10,296 inhabitants (2014)
  2. Aurillac-2 : 1 commune with 9,591 inhabitants (2014)
  3. Aurillac-3 : 1 commune with 10,369 inhabitants (2014)

It is part of the intercommunality Bassin d'Aurillac (French: Communauté d'Agglomération du Bassin d'Aurillac).

Sister cities

Aurillac and Arpajon-sur-Cère are twinned with:

Sites of interest

  • Saint-Géraud d'Aurillac Abbey (11th century)
  • Notre-Dame-aux-Neiges church (1332)
  • Chateau of Saint-Etienne (9th century)
  • Aurillac Town Hall (17th century)

Gallery

Aurillac - pano
Overview of Aurillac

Related pages

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